| The Biddle
family is of English descent. The first American ancestor,
William, son of Michael Biddle of Elmhurst,
Staffordshire, was born near London in 1630. It is thought
that he was an officer in the Parliamentary Army during the
Civil War in England. Shortly after its close he joined
the Society of Friends and was imprison on account of this
His mother, Esther Biddle, was an
eminent Friend and she also suffered many persecutions for the
In 1676 William Biddle purchased from
William Penn and others a one-half share of the lands
in Western Jersey, later adding to this amount until he owned
43,000 acres, and became one of the Proprietors of the Province,
so after his persecution he sailed for his estate, leaving
London, 1681. He became a man of great importance in the
Province, being a Member of the Governor's Council, and of the
General Assembly; was one of the Trustees selected by the
Proprietors to conduct the business of the Proprietorsh8p;
President of the Board of Trustees and held many other public
Before leaving London he married in 1665, at Bishopgate
Street Friends Meeting, Sarah Kemp and their
children were born in London.
Their son William 2nd, was like his
father, prominent in West Jersey affairs. He married
Lydia, granddaughter of Eliakim Wardell, a member
of the Assembly, who purchased lands at Newark from the Indians
in 1666 and great granddaughter of Thomas Wardell,
The Biddles have always been socially and
politically prominent. They have intermarried with the
Craigs, Van Rensselaers, Drexels, Lees
and many other well known families.
Chisholms are of Anglo-Norman origin and after the Norman
Conquest 1066, removed from England and settled in Scotland,
where they founded an independent Highland Clan, the chief being
known as "The Chisolm."
The first of whom we have record is John de
Chisholme, 1254, of Berwick, who married Emma de Vipount,
daughter of William, Lord of Bolton, whose ancestor
accompanied William The Conquerer of
Their son Richard, in 1296, signed the "Ragman's
Roll," and his son, Sir John de Chisholme, Knt.,
fought with Bruce at Bannockburn. His grandson, Sir
Robert, is described as one of the "Magnates of Scotland"
and was taken prisoner with King David II at Nevilles
Cross, Durham, 1346. He married Anne, daughter of
Sir Robert de Lauder, Constable of Urquhart
Castle, Loch Ness.
Five generations later Wiland de Chisholme,
in 1509, was the first of the family to be designated "The
Chisolm" and his son, John in 1538, had a Charter under the
Great Seal of James V., erecting his lands into a barony.
Colin Chisholm, progenitor of the house
of Knockfin, John's gr. gr. grandson, redeemed for
the Chief, the estates of Strathglass, etc. after they had been
confiscated owing the the Clan taking past in the Rising of
1715. He married Mary, daughter of Patrick Grant
of Glenmoriston, and the grandson, Alexander, married Janet,
daughter of Fraser of Ballindorn and about 1717 emigrated to the
Province of Carolina and settled near Charles Town.
It was at the home of their great grandson, George
Chisolm, called, "The Retreat" that Sir Richard Lee had
his headquarters during the Revolution.
COOK - COOKE
| At Beeston, Yorkshire,
England, flourished an ancient family of Gale,
alias Cooke. In history we read of
Robert the Cook & his son holding the hereditary
office of Masters of the Cook of Whitby Monastery
abt the middle of the Twelfth Century.
John the Cook, or John le Cok,
represented Herfordshire in Parliament in the reign
of Edward III, abt. 1350.
Sir Anthony Cooke, grandfather of Lord Bacon,
was so distinguished for his learning that he was
appointed to preside over the education of Edward
Pope honored Thomas Cooke with a place in
the "Dunciad" because, in his farce "Penelope."
Cooke had ridiculed the poet's "Odyssey."
Descendants of Francis Cooke may claim
membership in the Mayflower Society, as he & his
wife Hester came over in 1620, and he was one
of those who signed the memorable Compact in the
cabin of the Mayflower, Nov. 21, 1620.
The progenitor of the Virginia branch of the family was
Mordecai Cooke, whose 1st wife was slain by
Indians in 1650; his 2nd wife was Joan
Constable. He owned large tracts of land
in Virginia and his son Giles is supposed to
be one of the "Knights of the Golden Horse Shoe" of
Many descendants of the family served in the
Revolutionary and Mexican Wars, and all the world
knows of James Cook, who circumnavigated the
| Ardlock, or
Crawford-land, in Ayrshire, Scotland, the
castellated seat of the great house of Crawford,
stands on the right side of River Clyde.
The Crawfords were Caledonians and derived their
lineage from the old Earles of Richmond.
Reginald, youngest son of Allan, Fourth
Earl of Richmond, was the extreme ancestor of the
Crawfords. He was surnamed "The Good" and
was heritable Sheriff of Ayr, an office long held in
the family. He inherited Ardlock.
Reginald de Crawford, The Good, was
great-grandfather of Margaret, who married
Malcolm Wallace and became the mother of
Scotland's immortal hero, Sir William Wallace.
Thomas Crawford on April 2, 1578,
captured from Sir James Fleming,
Dumbarton Castle, at that time deemed impregnable,
and the family crest was put on the wall,
commemorative of this event.
Kilburnie Castle and Kirk were
ancient possessions of the family. The Kirk
especially attracts, because on the front gallery
are emblazoned the armorial bearings of twelve
families with whom the Crawfords were allied.
Ancestors of Colonel John Crawford,
who came from Ayrshire to Pennsylvania lie buried in
this Kirk yard.
Three sons of Colonel John Crawford moved
to Waxhaws, now Lancaster Co., S. C., about
1760. Joseph settled first in
Edgefield, S. C., then in Georgia.
Major Robert, born Pa. 1728, died Waxhams,
South Carolina, Oct. 5, 1801 (an officer of the
Revolution, who furnished a company at his own
expense), married daughter of William
and Sarah White.
DE-TRACI - TRACY
traces its lineage to Harderick, the first known
Saxon King, B. C. 90; Anserie d. A.D. 1; Welka I.,
d. A.D. 30; Svartic I., d. 70; Svarti II., d. 80;
Segward, until 100; Whitekind, King until 106;
King until 190; Marbod; Friga, Saxon King, conquered
Denmark, Norway & Sweden & assumed the name of
EGBERT, 19th descendant in direct line from Odin,
was the first Saxon King of all England in 827.
Egbert's son ETHELWULF, m. Osburga,
a direct desc. of Cedric, and their son
ALFRED, The Great, 850-901, was England's ideal
The seventh direct descendant from Alfred, The
Great, John de Sudeley, m. Grace de Traci,
of Barnstaple Co., Devon. Their son WILLIAM,
inherited his mother's estates and assumed her
family name of de Traci.
Sire de Traci, Norman Baron, fought at the Battle
of Hastings, 1066 & his name appears on the "Roll of
His son William was given the "Honour & Barony
of Barstaple" by King Stephen, in recognition
of his loyalty.
His descendant, GRACE, m. abt. 1130 John de
Sudeley (see above). Their son, Sir
William de Traci, lived in the reign of Henry
II & was one of the four knights who, at the
instigation of Henry II, assassinated
Thomas á Becket.
His great-grandson, Sir William Tracy, was
Sheriff of Gloucestershire during the reign of
Henry VI. & Margery, dau of Sir John
Pauncefort, Kt. Sir Wm. Tracy's
great-grandson, RICHARD, wrote the remarkable
treatise, "Preparations to the Cross." He m.
Barbary Lucy, pupil of Fox the Martyrologist,
& dau. of Sir Thomas Lucy, Kt. of Charlecote
in Warwickshire. She was an aunt of
Shakespeare's "Justice Shallow." Their son
Paul Tracy was created a baronet June 29, 1611,
by James I., being the 13th created from the
institution of the Order." He had 21 ch.
His 9th son, THOMAS, b. 1610, emigrated to
America 1636, is known as Lieutenant Thomas Tracy
& is the ancestor from whom the New England Tracys
Among these are the Windslows, Ripleys, Mannings,
Goulds & others. Judge James Gould,
a direct lineal descendant of Thomas Tracy,
with Judge Reeve founded the first law school
Gorsuch, London, descended out of Lancashire
nigh "Ormchurch," married Avice Hillson.
Their son Danyell, Alderman's deputy
of Bishopsgate Ward, who was living 1633, married
Alice (1569-1638), daughter of John Hall
To this Danyell, was granted Arms by "Letters
patents dated 1577 granted to Robert Hillson,
of London, by Charles Cooke and continued to
the descendants of "Gorsuch" to hear as their
In the Chancel of Walkholme Church, Hertfordshire,
there is a marble monument erected by Danyell
Gorsuch in memory of his wife and in the same
church in teh east window are four shields,
Gorsuch in memory of his wife, and in this same
church in the east window are four shields,
Gorsuch, another charged with the Arms of The
Mercer Company, of which Danyell was a
member, Hall Arms, etc.
Danyell's son John, Rector of Walkhorne
in Hertford 1633, married Anne, daughter of
Sir William Lovelace, of Kent, knighted 1609,
and his wife Anne Barne.
Sir William Lovelace was the son of Sir Williaml,
knighted July, 1599, and Elizabeth Aucher,
descended from Ealcher 1, Earl of KEnt of
Bishopbourne, buried in Canterbury Cathedral.
This Sir William was the son of Willialm M.
P. for Canterbury, and his monument is in
Canterbury Cathedral, and a direct descendant of
Richard Lovelace of Queenshite, London, who in
the reign of Henry VI purchased Bayford.
Charles, son of Rev. John Gorsuch and
Anne Lovelace, came to America with his parents
and was in Maryland in 1661. He married
Sarah, daughter and heiress of Thomas Cole,
owner of Coles Harbour, a tract of 550 acres,
where the City of Baltimore now stands.
| Few surnames are more
ancient than that of Logan. It early appears
in Royal Charters in Scotland in 1278.
In 1329 a knight, Sir Robert Logan,
was in the train of barons who bore the heart of The
Bruce to the Holy Land. In the reign of
Robert the Bruce the principal
branch of the Logan family obtained by
marriage the Barony of Restalrig, lying between
Edinburg and the sea, on which South Leith is now
built. To such prominence did this family
attain, that Sir Robert Logan,
of Restalrig, married the daughter of Robert II
by Euphemia Ross, and he was afterwards
constituted Admiral of Scotland.
The last Logan bearing the title of Baron of Restalrig
was engaged in the Gourie conspiracy against timid
James VI. After his death in 1606, his bones
were exhumed, and a sentence of outlawry pronounced
against him, whereby his lands of Fast Castle were
lost to the family.
In the battle with that Moors in Spain, in which "Good"
Sir James Douglas was slain, another
Sir Walter Logan lost his life also.
There was an ancient Celtic clan of this same, while
still another branch of this Logan lived in Ayrshire.
Many Logans came to America and settled
in both the northern and southern colonies.
One of Pennsylvania's Colonial Treasurers was
James Logan, long prominent in civic.
Another James and David Logan went
to Virginia and served gallantly in the French and
The Logans also settled in Kentucky, South
Carolina and Tennessee, and their descendants
LUSE, LUCI, LUCCI, LUCIE, LUCEY & LUCY.
De Luci is the name of a Norman knight who
accompanied William the Conqueror. He
dropped the "de" and changed the "i" to "e"; thus in
Scotland and England we find the name "Luce,"
in Italy "Lucca," and in Spain "Luccena."
These names may all have been derived from "Luceres,"
the name given to the third part of the Roman people
The de Luci have been seated at Norfolk for
centuries, and the Lucys, who claim descent
from the Norman de Luci, have name and fame in
Warwickshire. Sir Thomas Lucy, of
Charlecote Park, held grants under the Crown in the
time of the Henrys and is supposed to be
Shakespeare's "Justice Shallow, as he attained
fame by prosecuting the immortal Bard for deer
The first of the family in this country was Henry
Luce, who, with his wife, Remember, was
living at Martha's Vineyard about 1680. The
Luces were among the founders of Nantucket; they
were also established at Barnstable & Wareham,
Mass.; Canterbury, Conn.; Nottingham, N. H. and
finally in New York. Many gave Revolutionary
service. Descendants have intermarried with
the Barnes, Bleekers, Collins, Crosbys,
Cartwrights, Harlows, Holmes, Hoyts, Mortons,
Robinsons, Tuttles, Howells, Hudsons & Terrys.
| MacCormick, M'Cormic,
MacCarmack & M'Cormac. The prefix "Mc"
originally meant "son of," like "Fitz" in
Anglo-Norman, & "O" in Celtic.
One branch of the McCormick family traces back to
St. David, King of Scotland, & Queen Matilda.
Robert, the Bruce and James I.
of Scotland, are also in this line.
The progenitor of one branch of the American family was
James McCormick, a signer of an address to
William III & Mary, dated July 29, 1689.
His two sons, Hugh b. 1695, & Thomas
b. 1792, were Pennsylvania pioneers & their
descendants went to Virginia & from thence to all
parts of the country.
John McCormick, b. Ireland 1748, d. Lock Haven,
Pa., was a member of the militia which protected the
frontier & through their son Robert, who
bought 500 acres in Rockingham Co. in 1779.
Robert, Jr., b. 1780, was the father of Cyrus
Hall McCormick, whom, with his own hands, built
the first practical reaping machine ever made.
He was an Officer of the Legion of Honor & Member of
the French Academy of Sciences.
Stephen, b. 1784, Fauquier Co., Va., son of
John & Elizabeth Morgan McCormick, was the
inventor of the plow. In 1824, when presented
him with a plow, which he took back to France and
entered it in a plowing match, where it won the
Located in various sections of the country, the
McCormicks gave patriotic service during the
Revolution. Their descendants are connected
with the Halls, Morgans, Sandersons, Carters &
Pierrepont family is of Norman origin. The
earliest Lord of Pierrepont Castle, situated in the
southern part of Picardy, was Sir Hugh de
Pierrepont who flourished abt. 980.
His grandsons, Sir Ingolbrand de Pierrepont, was
the ancestor of the French family, and Sir Robert
de Pierrepont accompanied William the
Conqueror to England, took part in the Battle of
Hastings and is mentioned in the Domesday Book as
possessing the Lordships of Henestede and Wrethem in
Solfolk. He was in the retinue of William,
Earl of Warren and 1st Lord of the Manor of Hurst
Pierrepont, which lay north of Brighton in