U. S. Genealogy Express

 

Welcome to
State of
Arkansas

 

         

BIOGRAPHICAL and PICTORAL HISTORY
of
ARKANSAS
by John Hallum.
Vol. I.
Publ. Albany: Weed, Parsons & Company, Printers
1887

  DEDICATION  
  PREFACE v.
  AUTOBIOGRAPHY - JOHN HALLUM ix.


ILLUSTRATIONS - PORTRAITS

    facing page
  ANN CONWAY   45
  Ex-Gov. JAS. S. CONWAY   46
  HENRY W. CONWAY   47
  Gov. ELIAS N. CONWAY   48
  Hon. WM. B. CONWAY   49
  Hon. DAVID WALKER   102
  EBENEZER CUMMINS   106
  WILLIAM CUMMINS   107
  Ex-Gov. ARCHIBALD YELL   110
  Hon. CHESTER ASHLEY   121
  Hon. AMBROSE H. SEVIER   139
  Hon. DANIEL RINGO   146
  ABSALOM FOWLER   154
  Gov. THOS. S. DREW   156
  Hon. BENJAMIN JOHNSON   158
  Gov. JAMES MILLER   168
  Gen. GRANDISON D. ROYSTON   170
  ELIZABETH R. WRIGHT   180
  General ALBERT PIKE   215
  Judge THOMAS JOHNSON   240
  Major ELIAS RECTOR   242
  Hon. H. F. THOMASON   252
  Hon. JOHN J. CLENDENIN   274
  Hon. GEORGE C. WATKINS   276
  Hon. THOMAS WALKER POUND   278
  STATUETTE (ARRINGTON)   281
  Hon. ALFRED M. WILSON   282
  JAMES M. CURRAN   291
  Hon. CHRISTOPHER C. SCOTT   296
  Hon. SAMUEL W. WILLIAMS   313
  Hon. FREEMAN W. COMPTON   318
  Capt. WILLIAM JOEL DYER   324
  Hon. BEN. T. DuVAL   328
  Ex-Gov. WILLIAM R. MILLER   332
  OSCAR L. MILES   334
  THOMAS B. LATHAM   336
  Hon. THOMAS FLETCHER   340
  Hon. M. W. BENJAMIN   342
  Hon. C. B. NEAL   345
  Hon. J. B. McDONOUGH   347
  Col. ELIAS C. BOUDINOT   351
  Hon. JAMES R. PETTIGREW   368
  Major-General THOMAS C. HINDMAN   374
  Governor SIMON P. HUGHES   374
  Hon. A. H. GARLAND   380
  Hon. U. M. ROSE   398
  Hon. JOHN T. JONES   400
  Ex.-Gov. HENRY M. RECTOR   404
  WILLIAM L. MOOSE   411
  CHARLES W. ENGLAND   418
  JOHN C. ENGLAND   419
  Hon. JOHN R. EAKIN   422
  Hon. ROBT. H. CROCKETT   427
  Major-General PATRICK R. CLEBURNE   430
  Judge THOMAS BOLES   435
  Hon. JOSHUA W. TOOMER   438
  Hon. JOHN S. LITTLE   440
  Hon. WILLIAM F. HILL   442
  Hon. ISAAC C. PARKER   444
  Hon. JAMES H. BERRY   448
  Hon. JOHN B. JONES   449
  Gen. JAMES C. TAPPAN   450
  WILLIAM G. WHIPPLE   462
  L. C. HALL   464
  Hon. WM. M. FISHBACK   468
  ROBT. J. LEA   473
  SAMUEL R. ALLEN   476
  JACOB B. ERB   479
  Hon. HENRY C. CALDWELL   481
  Hon. DAN S. JONES   489
  Hon. JOSEPH W. MARTIN   494
  Hon. JOHN W. HEWETT   499
  Hon. THOMAS C. McRAE   503
  General ROBERT C. NEWTON   504
  Hon. THOMAS C. HUMPHREY   505
  THOMAS J. OLIPHANT   506
  Hon. GEORGE THORNBAUGH   507
  Hon. STIRLING R. COCKRILL   508
  Hon. JOHN CARROLL   512
  THOMAS MARCUM   513
  Hon. JOHN LOAGUE   518


HISTORY OF ARKANSAS
 

CHAPTER I. - HISTORICAL
- Discovery of America and Ascendancy of Spain in the sixteenth century
- Sketch of Fernando De Soto
- De Sota, the first European to visit Arkansas
- Indian tribes inhabiting Arkansas
- The Jesuit explorers, Marquette, Joliett, LaSalle and Tonti
- The celebrated John Law
- The companies of the West, of the Indies and Law's company
- Judge White, translator and compiler of the laws of the Indies
- The Marquis De Sanville, first governor of Louisiana
- First permanent colonization of Arkansas
- The secret treaty of St. Ildefonso (1801)
- The treaty of Fontainebleau (1762)
- Arkansas follows the political pendulum
1
CHAPTER II. - The Acquisition of Louisiana by the United States and Obligations of the Latter to the Inhabitants of the Ceded Territory.
- Acquisition of Louisiana by the United States
- Why the treaty of St. Ildefonso a national secret
- Livingston and Monroe negotiate the treaty of Paris
- Bonaparte's prophetic declaration when he ceded the vast territory
- Population of Louisiana in 1804
- Arkansas under the governments of France and Spain
- Complication of land titles resulting from the secret treaty of St. Ildefonso
- The systems of the common and Roman law compared
- Commissioners appointed in 1804 to pass on land titles in upper and lower Louisiana
- Complications growing out of American ignorance of the laws and customs of Spain
- Translation of these laws by Judge White of Florida, and the unacknowledged aid extended him by his accomplished wife
- First designation of Arkansas as a territorial unit
8
CHAPTER III. - Customs and Habits of the Old French and Spanish Inhabitants of Louisiana - Settlement.
- Customs and habits of the old French and Spanish inhabitants of Louisiana Territory
- French and Spanish land measure
- Town commons
- Segregation of the crown lands
- Surrender of Louisiana in 1804 to the United States
- Protest of the king of Spain
- Excitement of hte French and Spanish inhabitants
- Policy of President Jefferson township the old inhabitants
- Labors of the land commission
- Land conveyed vebally under the French and Spanish system
- Settlement of estates under this system
13
CHAPTER IV. - Indian Occupancy and Extinguishment of Their Title.
- Indian occupation and extinguished of their title to the soil
- Various treaties with the Indians occupying Arkansas
- Boundaries of the Quawpaw lands
- Crittenden's treaty at Harrington's
- Governor Clark's treaty with the Osages
- Western boundary line of Arkansas
16
CHAPTER V. - Form and Methods by which Land Titles were Acquired from France and Spain during Their Dominion over Louisiana of Historic Interest.
- Forms and methods by which land titles were acquired from Spain and France
- District of Kaskaskia and the Royal India Company
- Translation from the Recopilacion
- Petition to the Baron de Carondelet
- Julien Dubuque's settlement on the upper Mississippi
- Baron de Bastrop's settlement on the Ouachita river
- Concession of the Ouachita country by the governor-general of Louisiana to the Baron de Bastrop on the Bayous, Bayou de Lair and Bayou Bartholomew
- The Marquis de Maison-Rouge' contract with the officers of Spain to colonize the Washita country
- Approval of the contract by the king
- The treasurers of the army and royal chests certify that the contract was faithfully executed by Maison-Rouge
- The governor-general fines the boundaries of this grant of thirty leagues to the Marquis
- The old French town of Encore Fabre (now Camden) in this grant.
- Six hundred and forty thousand acres granted to the Baron de Bastrop in the Washita country
- Religious toleration conceded
- Confusion of boundary lines between Texas, Arkansas and Louisiana
- George and Travis G. Wright
18
CHAPTER VI. - Synoptical History of Arkansas from the Acquisition of Louisiana to the Adoption of the Constitution of 1836.
- Synoptical history of Arkansas from 1804 to 1836
- The territorial governments of Orleans and Missouri created
- The old Spanish parish of Arkansas
- The territorial government of Missouri cuts off the old Spanish parish and creates several counties
- Territorial government of Arkansas created
- Provisions for organizing the new government
- First officers of the new government
- Arkansas Post the capital
- Robert Crittenden and Judges Jouett, Scott and Letcher organize the territorial government
- Laws promulgated by the provisional government
- Authentication of the first territorial laws
- First territorial legislature
- William E. Woodruff appointed public printer
- Petition to move the seat of government
- Seat of government removed to "The Little Rock"
- New counties created
- The code duello
- Attempt to abolish circuit or district courts
- The second territorial legislation
- The legislature attempts to invade congressional authority
- Legislative divorces
- Third territorial legislature
- Fourth session
- The accession of Adams to the presidency in 1825 ended Governor Miller's official career in Arkansas
- Formation of political parties
- Penalties against duelling repealed
- Origin of our exemption laws
- New counties
- Judge Bates appointed judge
- Indian war in south-west Arkansas
- John Pope appointed governor of the territory
- His administration wise and popular
- First law restraining gambling
- County and probate courts established
- Organic act of the territories amended
- Crittenden and Fulton secretaries
- The seventh territorial legislature
- New apportionment
- Eighth session of the legislature (1833)
- Vote of money to Crittenden for extra services
- Ninth session convenes in October, 1835, and provides for a constitutional convention in January, 1836
- Election of first senators in congress, Sevier and Fulton
- First judges of the supreme court
- The old Real Estate Bank created
29
CHAPTER VII. - Showing the Connection by Consanguinity and Affinity Between "the Families of the Reigning Dynasty of Arkansas," from 1820 to 1860.
- Statement showing the term of service and the various offices held by this powerful family connection
42

The following chapter is comprised of biographies.

CHAPTER VIII. - The Celebrated Conway Family * * * * * 45
  Robert Crittenden 65
  Samuel S. Hall 67
  John Taylor 70
  The Superior Court 72
  Thomas J. Lacy 78
  Edward Cross 80
  David Walker * 81
  William Cummins ** 82
  James W. Bates 85
  Archibald Yell * 86
  Terrence Farrelly 87
  Thomas Hubbard 88
  John Taylor 90
  Thomas J. Lacy 96
  Terrence Farrelly, Arkansas Post. 101
  Judge David Walker, Fayetteville 102
  The Cummins Brothers - William and Ebenezer, Little Rock 105
  Governor Archibald Yell 110
  Judge Edward Cross 119
  Hon. Chester Ashley * 121
  Governor George Izard 133
  James Woodson Bates 135
  Ambrose H. Sevier * 137
  Hon. S. G. Sneed 144
  Daniel Ringo * 146
  Judge Townshend Dickinson 153
  Absalom Fowler * 154
  Governor Thomas S. Drew * 156
  Judge Benjamin Johnson & Son, Hon. Robert Ward Johnson, Little Rock * 158
  Governor John Pope 163
  General Grandison D. Royston, Washington * 170
  Judge David Williamson Carroll, Little Rock 174
  Judge R. S. C. Brown, Van Buren 176
  Mrs. Elizabeth R. Wright, Little Rock * 180
  Governor William Savin Fulton 183
  Judge J. M. Hoge, Fayetteville 236
  Judge Thomas Johnson, Little Rock * 240
  Judge Richard Searoy, Batesville 241
  Major Elias Rector, Fort Smith * 242
  Hon. Jesse Turner, Van Buren 244
  Hon. Hugh F. Thomason, Van Buren * 252
  Major Wilburn D. Reagan, Fayetteville 255
  John Linton, Lewisburgh 258
  Charles Fenton Mercer Noland 264
  William K. Sebastian 269
  Judge Alfred R. Greenwood, Bentonville 273
  John J. Clendenin * 274
  Hon. George Claiborne Watkins, Third Chief Justice. * 275
  Judge Thomas Walker Pound, Yell County. * 278
  Jonas March Tibbitts, Fayetteville 279
  Alfred W. Arrington 280
  Hon. Alfred M. Wilson, Fayetteville * 282
  Hon. John M. Wilson, Clarksville 286
  Samuel Hutchinson Hempstead, Little Rock 286
  Judge W. S. Oldham, Fayetteville 288
  Judge George W. Paschal 289
  James M. Curran * 291
  Judge William Walker, Fort Smith 294
``` Hon. Christopher C. Scott, Camden, Arkansas * 296
  Hon. Elbert H. English 301
  Hon. William B. Floyd, Clarksville 303
  Hon. Theodore F. Sorrells, Pine Bluff 304
  General Charles W. Adams, Helena-Memphis 306
  Hon. Samuel Wright William, Little Rock 313
  Hon. Freeman Walker Compton, Little Rock * 318
  William J. Dyer * 323
  Hon. Benjamin T. Du Val, Fort Smith * 328
  Hon. William H. Harrison, Pine Bluff 329
  Ex-Governor William R. Miller * 332
  Oscar L. Miles, Bentonville * 333
  Edgar E. Bryant, Fort Smith 334
  Thomas B. Latham, Fort Smith * 335
  Hon. Samuel W. Peel, Bentonville 336
  Solomon P. Clark, Little Rock 337
  Hon. Thomas Fletcher, Little Rock * 340
  Hon. Joseph Warren House, Little Rock 341
  Hon. Mason Wood Benjamin, Little Rock * 342
  Hon. George Parker Smoot, Prescott 343
  Hon. C. B. Neal, Greenwood * 345
  Hon. J. B. McDonough, Fort Smith * 347
  Thomas P. Winchester, Fort Smith 348
  Colonel Elias Cornelius Boudinot, Fort Smith * 349
  Pleasant Jordon 359
  Hon. W. C. Bevens, Batesville 362
  Colonel James Russell Pettigrew, Fayetteville * 363
  Hon. Hulbert Fellows Fairchild, Batesville 365
  Major-General Thomas C. Hindman, Helena * 368
  Governor Simon P. Hughes, Little Rock * (See Obituary on another source) 374
  Wolsey Randal Martin, Fort Smith 378
  A. H. Garland * 380
  Blakely Decatur Turner, Little Rock 396
  Hon. Charles A. Lewers, Logan County 396
  Hon. U. M. Rose, Little Rock * 397
  Hon. John T. Jones, Helena * 399
  My First Court 400
  Governor Henry Massey Rector, Little Rock * 404
  William L. Moose, Morrilton * 411
  Governor Elisha Baxter, Batesville 412
  John C. and C. W. England, Lonoke ** 418
  Hon. C. W. Smith, Eldorado 421
  Judge John R. Eakin, Hempstead County * 422
  The Wood Brothers 424
  Hon. Robert W. Crockett, De Witt * 427
  Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne * 429
  Judge B. B. Battle, Little Rock 432
  Judge Thomas Boles, Fort Smith * 435
  Judge Samuel N. Elliott, Bentonville 436
  Hon. Joshua Wallace Toomer, Dardanelle * 438
  Hon. John S. Little, Greenwood * 440
  Judge Wilbur Fish Hill, Little Rock * 442
  Judge Isaac C. Parker * 444
  Hon. James H. Berry, Bentonville * 447
  Hon. John B. Jones, Little Rock * 449
  General James Camp Tappan, Helena * 450
  W. W. Wilshire 452
  William G. Whipple, Little Rock * 462
  Hon. Edward Penn Watson, Bentonville 463
  L. C. Hall, Dardenelle * 464
  Judge William W. Smith, Little Rock 464
  Hon. W. M. Fishback, Fort Smith * 468
  Hon. Poindexter Dunn, Forest City 471
  Robert J. Lea, Little Rock * 473
  Henry Gaston Bunn, Camden 473
  Samuel R. Allen, Little Rock * 476
  Hon. Charles Beatty Moore, Little Rock 477
  J. B. Erb, Little Rock * 479
  Hon. William F. Hicks, Lonoke 479
  Hon. Henry C. Caldwell, Little Rock * 481
  William Leake Terry, Little Rock 488
  Hon. Daniel W. Jones, Washington, Hempstead County * 489
  Hon. James E. Gatewood, Des Arc 491
  Hon. Joseph W. Martin, Little Rock * 494
  Hon. Jordan E. Cravens, Clarksville 496
  Hon. John Marshall Hewitt, Mariana * 499
  Hon. A. B. Williams, Washington 502
  Hon. Thomas C. McRae, Prescott * 503
  General Robert C. Newton, Little Rock * 503
  Hon. T. C. Humphrey, Fort Smith * 504
  Thomas J. Oliphint, Little Rock * 506
  Hon. George Thornburgh, Walnut Ridge * 507
  Hon. Stirling R. Cockrill, Little Rock * 508
  Hon. John Carroll, Eureka Springs * 512
  Thomas Marcum, Fort Smith * 513
  John Loague, Memphis * 518
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