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WILLIAM N. TAYLOR
REWARD. - Ran away
from Richmond City on Tuesday, the 2d of June, a negro
man named WM. N. TAYLOR, belonging to Mrs. Margaret
Tyler of Hanover county.
Said negro was hired to
Fitzhugh Mayo, Tobacconist; is quite black, of
genteel and easy manners, about five feet ten or eleven
inches high, has one front tooth broken, and is about 35
He is supposed either to
have made his escape North, or attempted to do so.
The above reward will be paid for his delivery to
Messrs. Hill and Rawlings, in Richmond, or secured
in jail, so that I get him again.
JAS. G. TYLER, Trustee for Margaret Tyler.
June 8th &c2t-
Richmond Enquirer, June 9,
William unquestionably possessed a fair share of
common sense, and just enough distaste to Slavery to
arouse him most resolutely to seek his freedom.
The advertisement of
James G. Tyler was not altogether accurate with
regard to his description of William; but
notwithstanding, in handing William down to
posterity, the description of Tyler has been
adopted in stead of the one engrossed in the records by
the Committee. But as a simple matter of fair
play, it seems fitting, that the description given by
William, while on the Underground Rail Road, of his
master, &c., should come in just here.
William acknowledged that he was the property of
Walter H. Tyler, brother of Ex-President
Tyler, who was described as follows: "He (master)
was about sixty-five years of age; was a barbarous man,
JACOB WATERS AND ALFRED
twenty-one years of age, dark chestnut color, medium
size, and of prepossessing manners. Fled from near
Frederick, Md., from the clutches of a farmer by the
name of William Dorsey, who was described as a
master, and had sold two of Jacob's sisters,
South, only three years prior to his escape.
Jacob left three brothers in chains.
ALFRED is twenty-three years of age, in stature
quite small, full black, and bears the marks of ill
usage. Though a member of the Methodist Church,
his master, Fletcher Jackson "thought nothing of
taking the shovel to Alfred's head; or of
knocking him, and stamping his head with the heels of
his boots." Repeatedly, of late, he had been
shockingly beaten. To escape those terrible
visitations, therefore, he made up his mind to seek a
refuge in Canada.
ARRIVAL FROM BALTIMORE
FROM JEFFERSON PIPKINS.
SEVERAL ARRIVALS FROM
a "pretty bad man," who was "always quarreling," and "
would drink, swear and lie." Left simply because
he "never got anything for his labor." On taking
his departure for Canada, he was called upon to bid
adieu to his mother and three brothers, all under the
yoke. His master he describes thus—
"His face was long, cheek-bones high, middling tall,
and about twenty-six years of age." With this
specimen of humanity, Charles was very much
dissatisfied, and he made up his mind not to stand the
burdens of Slavery a day longer than he could safely
make his way to the North. And in making an effort
to reach Canada, he was quite willing to suffer many
things. So the first chance Charles got, he
started, and Providence smiled upon his resolution; he
found himself a joyful passenger on the Underground Rail
Road, being entertained free, and receiving attentions
from the Company all along the line through to her
British Majesty's boundlessly free territory in the
True, the thought of his mother and brothers, left in
the prison house, largely marred his joy, as it did also
the Committee's, still the Committee felt that
Charles had gained his Freedom honorably, and at the
same time, had left his master a poorer, if not a wiser
man, by at least $1200.
CHARLES HENRY was a good-looking young man, only
twenty years of age, and appeared to possess double as
much natural sense as he would require to take care of
himself. John Webster of Sandy Hook,
claimed Charles' time, body and mind, and this
was what made Charles unhappy. Uneducated
as he was, he was too sensible to believe that
Webster had any God-given right to his manhood.
Consequently, he left because his master "did not treat
him right." Webster was a tall man, with
large black whiskers, about fourty years of age, and
owned Charles' two sisters. Charles
was sorry for the fate of his sisters, but he could not
help them if he remained. Staying to wear the
yoke, he felt would rather make it worse instead of
better for all concerned.
LUTHER DORSEY is about nineteen years of
age, rather smart, black, well made and well calculated
for a Canadian. He was prompted to escape purely
from the desire to be "free." He fled from
a "very insulting man," by the name of Edward
Schriner, from the neighborhood of Sairsville Mills,
Frederick Co., Md. This Schriner was
described as a "low chunky man, with grum look, big
mouth, etc.," and was a member of the German Reformed
Church. "Don't swear, though might as well; he was
so bad other ways."
LUTHER was a member of the Methodist church at
Jones Hill. Left his father in chains; his mother
had wisely escaped to Canada years back, when he was but
a boy. Where she was then, he could not tell, but
hoped to meet her in Canada.
ARRIVAL FROM RICHMOND.
JEREMIAH W. SMITH AND WIFE JULIA.
Richmond was a
city noted for its activity and enterprise in slave
trade. Several slave pens and prisons were
constantly kept up to accommodate the trade. And
slave auctions were as common in Richmond as dress goods
auctions in Philadelphia; notwithstanding this fact,
strange as it may seem, the Underground Rail Road
brought away large numbers of passengers from Richmond,
Petersburg and Norfolk, and not a few of them lived
comparatively within a hair's breadth of the auction
block. Many of those from these localities were
amongst the most intelligent and respectable slaves in
the South, and except at times when disheartened by some
grave disaster which had befallen the road, as, for
instance, when some friendly captain or conductor was
discovered in aiding fugitives, many of the thinking
bondmen were daily manśuvering
and watching for opportunities to escape or aid their
friends so to do. This state of things of course
made the naturally hot blood of Virginians fairly boil.
They had preached long and loudly about the contented
and happy condition of the slaves,—that the chief end of
the black man was to worship and serve the white man,
with joy and delight, with more willingness and
obedience indeed than he would be expected to serve his
Maker. So the slave-holders were utterly at a loss
to account for the unnatural desire on the part of the
slaves to escape to the North where they affirmed they
would be far less happy in freedom than in the hands of
those so " kind and indulgent towards them."
Despite all this, daily the disposition increased, with
the more intelligent slaves, to distrust the statements
of their masters especially when they spoke against the
North. For instance if the master was heard to
curse Boston the slave was then satisfied that Boston
was just the place he would like to go to; or if the
master told the slave that the blacks in Canada were
freezing and starving, to death by hundreds, his hope of
trying to reach Canada was made ten fold stronger; he
was willing to risk all the starving and freezing that
the country could afford; his eagerness to find a
conductor then would become almost painful.
The situations of Jeremiah and Julia Smith,
however, were not considered very hard, indeed they had
fared rather better than most slaves in Virginia,
nevertheless it will be seen that they desired to better
their condition, to keep off" of the auction-block at
least. Jeremiah could claim to have
no mixture in his blood, as his color was of such a pure
black; but with the way of the world, in respect to
shrewdness and intelligence, he had evidently been
actively conversant. He was about twenty-six years
of age, and in stature only medium, with poor health.
The name of James Kinnard, whom he was
obliged to call master and serve, was disgusting to him.
Kinnard, he said, was a "close and severe
man." At the same time he was not considered by
the community "a hard man." From the age of
fifteen years Jeremiah had been hired out, for
which his owner had received from $50 to $130 per annum.
In consequence of his master's custom of thus letting
out Jeremiah, the master had avoided doctors'
bills, &c. For the last two years prior to his
escape, how ever, Jeremiah's health had been very
treacherous, in consequence of which the master had been
compelled to receive only $50 a year, sick or well.
About one month before Jeremiah left, he was to
have been taken on his master's' farm, with the hope
that he could be made more profitable there than he was
in being hired out.
His owner had thought once of selling him, perhaps
fearing that Jeremiah might unluckily die on his
hands. So he put him in prison and advertised; but
as he had the asthma pretty badly at that time, he was
not saleable, the traders even declined to buy him.
While these troubles were presenting themselves to
Jeremiah, Julia, his wife, was still more
seriously involved, which added to Jeremiah's
perplexities, of course.
Julia was of a dark brown color, of medium size,
and thirty years of age. Fourteen years she had
been the slave of A. Judson Crane, and
under him she had performed the duties of nurse,
chamber-maid, etc., "faithfully and satisfactorily," as
the certificate furnished her by this owner witnessed.
She actually possessing a certificate, which he,
Crane, gave her to enable her to find a new master,
as she was then about to be sold. Her master had
experienced a failure in business. This was the
reason why she was to be sold.
Mrs. Crane, her mistress, had always
promised Julia that she should be free at her death.
But, unexpectedly, as Mrs. Crane was on
her journey home from Cape May, where she had been for
her health the summer before Julia escaped, she
died suddenly in Philadelphia. Julia,
however, had been sold twice before her mistress' death;
once to the trader, Reed, and afterwards to
John Freeland, and again was on the eve of
being sold. Freeland, her last owner,
thought she was unhappy because she was denied the
privilege of going home of nights to her husband,
instead of being on hand at the beck and call of her
master and mistress day and night. So the very day
Julia and her husband escaped, arrangements had
been made to put her up at auction a third time.
But both Julia and her husband had seen enough of
Slavery to leave no room to hope that they could ever
find peace or rest so long as they remained. So
there and then, they resolved to strike for Canada, via
the Underground Rail Road. By a little good
management, berths were procured for them on one of the
Richmond steamers (berths not known to the officers of
the boat), and they were safely landed in the hands of
the Vigilance Committee, and a most agreeable interview
The Committee extended to them the usual hospitalities,
in the way of
board, accommodations, and free tickets Canadaward, and
wished them a safe and speedy passage. The
passengers departed, exceedingly light-hearted, Feb. 1,
JAMES MASSEY, PERRY HENRY TRUSTY,
GEORGE RHOADS, JAMES RHODES,
GEORGE WASHINGTON, SARAH ELIZABETH RHODES, AND CHILD,
MARY ELIZABETH STEVENSON
was a sensation in "the camp," when this gang was found
JAMES was a likely-looking young man of twenty
years of age, dark, tall, and sensible; and worth, if we
may judge, about $1,600. He was owned by a farmer
named James Pittman, a "crabid kind of a
man," grey headed, with a broken leg; drank very hard,
at which times he would swear that he would "sell them
all to Georgia;" this threat was always unpleasant to
the ears of James, but it seemed to be a
satisfaction to the master. Fearing that it would
be put into execution, James thought he had
better let no time be lost in getting on towards Canada,
though he was entitled to his Freedom at the age of
twenty-five. Left his father, four brothers and
two sisters. Also left his wife, to whom he had
been married the previous Christmas.
His master's further stock of slaves consisted of two
women, a young man and a child. The name of his
old mistress was Amelia. She was " right
nice," James admitted. One of
James' brothers had been sold to Georgia by
Pittman, although he was also entitled to his
Freedom at the age of twenty-five.
His near relatives left in bondage lived near Level
Square, Queen Ann's county, Maryland. His wife's
name was Henrietta. "She was free."
Interesting letter from James Massey to
his wife. It was forwarded to the corresponding
secretary, to be sent to her, but no opportunity was
afforded so to do, safely.
C. W., April 24, 1857.
DEAR WIFE - —I
take this opertunity to inform you that I have Arive in
St Catharines this Eving, After Jorney of too weeks, and
now find mysilf on free ground and wish that you was
here with me But you are not here, when we parted I did
not know that, I should come away so soon as I did.
But for that of causin you pain I left as I did, I hope
that you will try to come. But if you cannot,
write to me as soon as you can and tell me all that you
can But dont be Desscuredged I was sory to leave you,
and I could not help it for you know that I promest see
you to sister, But I was persuaded By Another man go
part with it grived mutch, you must not think that I did
not care for you. I cannot tell how I come, for I
was some times on the earth and some times under the
earth Do not Bee afraid to come But start and keep
trying, if you are afrid fitch your tow sister with you
for compeny and I will take care of you and treat you
like a lady so
long as you live. The talk of cold in this place
is all a humbug, it is wormer here than it was there
when I left, your father and mother has allways treated
me like their own child I have no fault to find in them.
I send my Respects to them Both and I hope that they
will remember me in Prayer, if you make a start come to
Philidelpa tell father and mother that, I am safe and
hope that they will not morn after me I shall ever
Remember them. No more at present But yours in
Body and mind, and if we no meet on Earth I hope that we
shall meet in heven.
Your husbern. Good
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