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THE FREE NEGRO IN VIRGINIA
1619 - 1865

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By John Henderson Russell

A DISSERTATION
Submitted to the Board of University Studies
of The Johns Hopkins University in Conformity
with the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy
1913

Baltimore
1913

BIBLIOGRAPHY.
pg. 178

     Lack of space necessitates the omission from this list of a large number of secondary authorities having bearing upon, but not contemporary with, some portion of the period treated in this monograph.  Footnote references to the most useful of the works of postbellum writers touching the subject herein treated must suffice to show the extent of the author's indebtedness to authorities.  With the exception of a few county or local histories having special value because of their limited territorial scope, only primary sources are here enumerated.

MANUSCRIPT

A. COUNTY COURT RECORDS -
    Orders, Deeds, Wills, Inventories, and so fourth; certified copies transcribed from the original records in pursuance of an act of the Virginia State Legislature and preserved in the Virginia State Library in Richmond, Virginia.  19 vols., folio.:
  1. Accomac County, 1632 - 1640, 1676 - 1690.
  2. Elizabeth City County, 1684 - 1699
  3. Essex County, 1695 - 1699
  4. Henrico County, 1677 - 1692, 1682 - 1701
  5. Warwick County, 1748 8- 1762
  6. York County, 1633-1694, 1638 - 1648, 1657 - 1662, 1664 - 1672, 1675 - 1684, 1677 - 1693, 1677 - 1699, 1684 - 1687, 1687 - 1691, 1690 - 1694, 1694 - 1702, 1694 - 1697.
B. COUNTY COURT RECORDS, - Orders, Deeds, Wills, and so fourth; original records:
  1. Henrico County, various volumes, 1776 - 1860, in County Court House, Richmond, Virginia
  2. Lower Norfolk and Norfolk County, 1637 - 1646, 1646 - 1651, 1686 - 1695, and various volumes, 1700 - 1860, in Norfolk County Court House, Portsmouth, Virginia.
     In this county free negroes and mulattoes were registered in volumes kept for that purpose only: Vol. I, 1802 - 1852; vol. 2, 1852 - 1861.  Concerning each free negro registered by the county court clerk there was recorded the answer to the following queries:  Name, How free, Age, Height, Complexion, Marks or Scars.  Each negro was numbered and the date of his registration recorded.
  3. Northampton County, 1632 - 1640, 1640 - 1645, 1645 - 1651, 1651 - 1654, 1654 - 1655, 1655 - 1658, 1657 - 1664, 1683 - 1689, 1689 - 1698, 1710 - 1720, and various volumes, 1720 - 1860.
        Records of the Hustings Court, Richmond, Virginia, various volumes, 1782 - 1862
  Ordinances of the City of Richmond, 3 vols., 1802 - 1860
C. PARISH RECORDS.
    At Episcopal Theological Seminary, Alexandria, Virginia: 1653 - 1812
  1. Register of Christ's Church, Middlesex County, Virginia, 1653 - 1812
  2. Register of Kingston Parish, Mathews County, Virginia, 1674 - 18--
  3. Vestry Book of Charles Parish, York County, Virginia, 1670 - 1800
  At Bruton Church, Williamsburg, Virginia:
  4. Register of Middletown and Bruton Parishes, 1662 - 1797
  At Library of William and Mary College, Williamsburg.
  5. Register of Abingdon Parish, transcribed by Lyon G. Tyler.
  6. Register of Charles Parish, 1648 - 1800, transcribed for Library of William and Mary College.
D. RECORDS OF FRIENDS' MEETINGS, at Park Avenue Meeting House, Baltimore, Maryland
  1. Minutes of the Baltimore Yearly Meeting held at West River and Third Haven, 3 vols., 1677 - 1758, 1754 - 1764, 1708 - 1821
  2. Condensed record of the action of yearly meetings on questions relating to slavery and the slave trade, 1760 - 1819.
  3. Minutes of the Warrenton and Fairfax Quarterly Meeting of Women Friends, 1775 - 1787.
  4. Minutes of the Warrenton and Fairfax Quarterly Meeting, 1787 - 1801.
  5. Minutes of the Warrenton Quarterly Meeting, 1787 - 1801
  6. Minutes of the Fairfax Quarterly Meeting, 1787 - 1850
  7. Minutes of Crooked Run Monthly Meeting, 1782 - 1789.
  8. Minutes of Fairfax Monthly Meeting: vol. A, 1745 - 1776; vol. B, 1776 - 1802; vol. C, 1802 - 1845
  9. Minutes of Hopewell Monthly Meeting: k. I, 1759 - 1777; bk. 2, 1777 - 1791; bk. 3, 1791 - 1811; bk. 4, 1811 - 1851
  10. Minutes and Proceedings of Goose Creek Monthly Meeting, 1785 - 1818; 1818 - 18--
E. Records of the General Court of Virginia, transcribed by Conway Robinson, 1640 - 1661, 1670 - 1676.  Virginia Historical Society.
F. Legislative Petitions of Virginia, 1776 - 1860
    This collection of original manuscript documents, one of the most important sources of this monograph, is preserved in the archives of the State and is divided into as many groups as there were counties from which the petitions or memorials originated.  The arrangement within the county groups is with reference to chronology.  Fifteen thousand five hundred documents are catalogued and arranged in the archives in upright filing cases, each document being assigned to a stiff folder, folio size, having upon it a letter and a number which distinguishes it from every other document in the files.  The numbers run in two series, A and B.  Series A runs from 1 to 10,000.  Series B is complete from 1 to 5500; and the two series combined cover the counties from Accomac to Orange.  The county groups from P to Y inclusive are wrapped separately in bundles, awaiting the systematic arrangement of the other county groups.  IN most instances double reference by date and by number has been made in the footnotes of this monograph to the petitions that are filed in the cases.  Little if any use had been made up to this time, of this, one of the richest sources for Virginia history during the period of the Commonwealth.  The documents contain invaluable information about almost every subject that was of interest to the people of the various localities of the State within the period covered.
G. Virginia Land Patents, folio, vols. 1 and 2, 1623 - 1643; vol. 3, 1643 - 1651; vol. 4, 1652 - 1655; vol. 5, 1655 - 1664; vol. 6, 1666 - 1679.  Land office, Richmond
H. Tax Books (for various counties), 1656 - 60.  Auditor's Office, Richmond.
I. Transcripts made from original papers in the British Public Record Office, London.  By Angus W. MacDonald, 7 vols., 1619 - 1695; containing abstracts or complete transcripts of 581 documents relating to the settlement and early history of Virginia.  By William Noel Sainsbury, 20 vols., 1606 - 1740; containing abstracts of 5108 documents relating to early Virginia history.  Virginia State Library.
J. Letter Book of the Executive of Virginia, 1844 - 1848, folio.  Virginia State Library.
K. Proclamation Book; containing the proclamations of the Governors of Virginia from 1786 to Aug. 31, 1801.  Virginia State Library.
L. Land Books of the City of Richmond, 1856 - 1860.  City Hall, Richmond.

LAWS AND COURT DECISIONS.
1. Statutes at Large of Virginia, 13 vols., 1619 - 1792.  By William Waller Hening.  Richmond, 1819 - 1820
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        MORE TO COME......
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         

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