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THE FREE NEGRO IN VIRGINIA
1619 - 1865

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By John Henderson Russell

A DISSERTATION
Submitted to the Board of University Studies
of The Johns Hopkins University in Conformity
with the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy
1913

Baltimore
1913

PREFACE

     The history of the free negro in the slave States forms one of the most interesting chapters in the history of slavery in this country.  A number of valuable monographs dealing with the history of the negro or with the institution of slavery in the various States have been published during recent years, but no one of them, so far as the author is aware, has been devoted exclusively to the status or history of the antebellum free negro in a particular Commonwealth of the Union.  Such studies are needed, and it is hoped that the present monograph will, as far as Virginia is concerned, supply this need.  Moreover, as a study of the free negro in the State in which the African first made his appearance in America, it should supply some of hte facts upon which the history of the negro race in the United States must be based.  Upon the constitutional side it is hoped that the study will be an aid to the correct conception of the purposes sought to be realized by the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment.
     The author takes this opportunity to acknowledge his scholarly guidance and stimulation criticism which were at his service in all stages of the work.  It is a pleasure also to acknowledge his obligation to Professor J. C. Ballagh, at whose suggestion the study was undertaken.  In the important work of discovery and valuation of the sources Professor Ballagh's generous direction was of particular value.  The author is also indebted to Professors J. M. Vincent and G. E. Barnett for helpful suggestions.
     Acknowledgment of special obligation is likewise due to Professor Charles Henry Ambler, of Randolph-Macon College, who placed in the author's hands notes of great value which he had made upon the subject of this monograph.  For courtesies extended by officials in charge of county and state archives, sincere thanks are here given.  Fro the discussion of various phases of the subject with Dr. H. J. Eckenrode, archivist, and Mr. Earl G. Swem, assistant librarian, of the Virginia State Library, suggestion of great value were received.  Mr. William G. Stanard, librarian of Virginia Historical Society, courteously placed at the author's disposal valuable manuscripts.      J. H. R.
 

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