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Augusta

Augusta Road Tax 1798-99

NOTE:  Always re-check sources to make sure data has been transcribed correctly. ~SW

    A list of the citizens of Augusta, Richmond County, Georgia, who were taxed for the upkeep of roads in 1798, will be found in a 10-page manuscript now in the Georgia Department of Archives and History, Atlanta.  The title reads: "Road Tax / Laid by the City Council of Augusta / for the Year / One thousand seven hundred & ninety-eighty."  There are four columns with the following headings:
     1. "Names of free male persons residing in the City of Augusta, and within three miles."
     2. "Free Males from 16 to 50 yrs."
     3. "Male Slaves from 16 to 50 yrs."
     4. "Dollars" (and) "cents."
     Each white male was taxed $2.50, and each male slave, $1.00 a head.  All names and amounts in the original list for 1798 were written in ink.
     In addition, there are at least 57 names written in pencil, with remarks as to location of residence or occupation.  Several of the 1798 names had been crossed out, with "gone" after some of them.  A check of the records of the Richmond County Inferior Court revealed that at least 7 of the crossed-out names were for persons who had died in late 1798 or early 1799, thus would not be included for the 1799 road tax.  Evidently the 1798 list was also used for 1799.  There were a total of 483 names on the list for the 2 years.  All names or remarks that were in pencil, have been shown in italics in Table I.  An asterisk (*) designates the names that have been crossed out in pencil.  The fourth column - the amount of the tax - in the original list, has been omitted.
     It will be noted that for certain male citizens, there is a zero after the name.  Evidently these persons were over 50 years of age.
     It was known that this 1798 list did not include the names of all citizens of Augusta.  It was thought that possibly the Minutes of the City Council might give additional names.  However the earliest Council Minutes start with April 1804.  The first 2 years (r April 1804 to 4 April 1806) of the Council Minutes have a total of 169 names, of which one-third were duplicate of those in the 1798/9 Road Tax roll.  These duplicates have an asterisk (*) before them (Table II).  The Minutes give an idea of the occupation of many persons for 1804-1806.  An interesting side-light was the number of cases of persons hailed before the City Council for "fighting," or some other infraction of Council's rules.  Twelve of the names are French (See "French Emigrants to Richmond County, Ga.," June 1964 Quarterly).  The month and year are shown as follows:  April 1804 abbreviated to: 4/04.
     The following abbreviations have been used in Table II:
DL - Dray license
F - Fine
I - Intendant (Mayor)
MC - Member of Council
NG - Not guilty
R - Recommended somone for a license
RHS - Renting house to slave without permit
RL - Retail license
SB - Small badge license
SBS - Small badge license to slave of __
SW - Small ware license
 

TABLE I
Road Tax List, 1798 - 1799

Aldrage, James 1 -
Aldrage, William 1 -
Allen, Alexander 1 -
Allen, David 1 1
Andreson, Edward 1  
Anderson, Seth 1  
Andrews, John 2 1
Armstrong, James 1 1
Arnold, Jonathan 1  
Arthur, Ambrose 1 1
Bacon, Nicholas 1  
Bacon, William 1  
Baldwin, Augustus 1  
Ballard, Frederick * 1  
Barden, James 1  
Barnes, George, Est. 0 1
Barnett, John 1  
Barnett, Samuel * 1  
Barrett, George 1  
Barrillon, Christopher 1  
Baxter, John *    
Bayard, James 1 4
Beach, Thomas 1  
Beal, Archibald 0 2
Bedingfield, John 1  
Bellany, William 0 1
Bibb, William 0 1
Bibb, William, at Dr. Murrays 1  
Birch, Chamberlane 0 1
Birch, John 1  
Blache, Anthony 1  
Blache, Sebastian 1 3
Blair, Alexander 1 1
Bogan, Patrick 1  
Bogue, James * gone 1  
Bonner, Sherwood B. 1  
Bostick, Hillard grocer 1 2
Bostick, These 1  
Bouttet, Peter 1  
Box, Wm. G.    
Boyd, William 1  
Bray, Thomas * 1  
Brazeal, Wiley 1  
Brazier, William * gone 1  
Brooks, John 1  
Brown, James * 1 1
Brown, James, Jun. * in England 1  
Bryan, Isaac * gone 1  
Buchanan, James 1 2
Bugg, Anselm 1 3
Bugg, Nicholas H. 1  
Bugg, Samuel 1 5
Bugg, Mrs. Obedience 0 1
Burnside, Thomas 1  
Burroughs, Benjamin 1  
Burroughs, Joseph B. 1  
Butler, David, Harrisburgh 1  
Butler, Reuben    
Butler, Thomas 1  
Butler, William 1  
Campbell, John 1  
Campbell, Mccartan, Est. (For Wm. Kennon) 0 4
Carmichael, John 1  
Carnes, Mrs. Eliza 0 2
Carrie, Joseph 1  
Carrol, James * 1  
Carter, John Harrisburg, inspector 1  
Catlett, John 0 1
Chapman, William 1 1
Chartier, John James 1 8
Chatfield, Heill 1  
Clark, James 1  
Clark, Richard    
Clark, William, sailmaker 1  
Clarke, Jordon * at Broad    
Cobbison, Mrs. Anne 0 9
Cocke, Nathaniel, Est. 1 9
Cocke, John 2  
         William, doctor    
Cochraham, David 1  
Collins, James 1  
Cone, Samuel, wagoner 1  
Congo, Simeon * 1  
Conway, John, Boxmaker 1  
Cook, John * 1  
Cook, William 1  
Cooper, Ananias 1  
Cooper, James * gone 1  
Course, John 1 23
Cox, Joseph 1  
Crawford, Nelson 1  
Crawford, William H., carpenter 1  
Creswell, Robert 2  
Crossle, Henry 1 6
Cruse, Englehart 1 1
Cumming, Dr. John 1  
Cumming, Thomas 1 1
Currie, Archibold 1  
Currin, William    
Dale, Robert 1  
Dalton, Henry, Harrisburg 1  
Dalton, Thomas, Harrisburg 1  
Darby, Jeremiah 1  
Darsey, John 1  
Dearmond, William * 2 1
Dentignac, John 1 2
Dixon, Tilman S. 1  
Donaldson, Peter 1  
Douglass, Mrs. Elizabeth 0 2
Downes, Charles 1  
Downs, Richard 1  
Duke, John 1  
Dunkley, Carleton 1 1
Durham, Sam'l.    
Durkee, Nathaniel 1 2
Durkee, Nathaniel, Jun.    
Durkee, William 1  
Eagon, James 1  
Early, Eleazer 1 3
Edmundson, William 1  
Edwards, Augustine, gardener 1  
Edwards, Daniel 1  
Edwards, James 0 1
Elkins, Reubin 1  
Eltoff, William 1  
Evans, Henry    
Evans, John 1  
Fee, John 1  
Fee, Michael 1  
Feranil, Elhridge    
Flake, Michael    
Fletcher, Thomas 1  
Flint, John 1  
Floyd, James, upper Broad St.    
Foll, George 1  
Foster, William 1  
Fox, Charles 1  
Fox, James 1 2
Fox, Jesse    
Fox, John 1 1
Fox, Nicholas 1  
Fraser, James 1  
Fraser, John 1  
Freeland, Bazil, gardner 1  
Furey, John 1 2
Gaines, George G. 1  
Galloway, John * dead 1  
Gardner, Cotton * 1  
Gardner, James 1 4
Gardner, Thomas * 1  
Garrett, John 1  
Gaylor, Giles, has a brother 1  
Gee, Charles 1  
Gerdine, Lewis 1  
Gibson, Alexander, carpenter 1  
Giggs, John 1  
Givham, George 1  
Glascock, Thomas 1 21
Glover, Joseph 1  
Goodwin, Nathan 1  
Green, John * 1 4
Green, Mack 1  
Greenwood, Henry 1  
Gregory, Howell 2 5
Gregory, Lewis    
Grimes, Sterling 1  
Grimes, Thomas W. 1 2
Griffin, Samuel 1  
Griffin, William 1  
Grovenstine, Christian 1  
Hall, James, Harrisburg 1  
Hall, John 1  
Hammond, Leroy 0 2
Harnop, Harry    
Harris, Benjamin 0 14
Harris, Benjamin, for Est. Todd 0 5
Harris, Ezekiel 1 2
Harris, Gabriel 1  
Harris, Laird M. 1 1
Harris, Lewis    
Harris, Thomas McCall 1  
Harrison, Andrew    
Harrison, Wm.    
Hartsfield, John * 1  
Harvey, Rub., carpenter    
Hatcher, John, bricklayer    
Hawkins, Mineleck 1 2
Hayes, William 1  
Henderson, George 1  
Hendrick, John 1  
Hennessy, George 1  
Henry, Micajah 1  
Herbert, Isaac 1  
Herbert, John 1  
Herron, Daniel 1  
Herron, Thomas (carriage maker) 1  
Hill, John    
Hobby, Thomas  1  
Hobby, William J. 1  
Hobby, Winsley 1  
Hoffer, John A. 1  
Hogarth, George 1  
Holloway, Robert 1  
Houghton, John 1  
Houghton, Michael F. 1  
Howard, William * 1  
Hughes, Henry 1 1
Hull, George J., Hiss at Ropewalk 1 1
Hull, H. Montgomery 1  
Hunster, Lewis 1  
Hunter, Anthony at Capt. Cropleys 1  
Hunter, Mrs. 0 1
Hutchinson, James * 1 1
Hutchinson, Joseph 1  
Inman, Robert, at Jarvis 1  
Innes, Andrew 1 5
Jack, Samuel 1  
Jack, William H. 1  
James, Jesse, boatwright 1  
Jarvis, Floyd    
James, William 1  
Jamieson, Thomas 1  
Jenkins, E. B. at Col. Watkins    
Jenkins, Wm. at Glascocks    
Johnson, Charles, prentice 1  
Jones, Abraham 1 5
Jones, John, carpenter at R. McTyere 1  
Jones, Mills, carpenter    
Jones, Samuel W. 1  
Jones, Seaborn 1 5
Jones, Thomas 1  
Jordan, Jacob    
Jordan, Nimrod 1  
Kelly, Thomas 1  
Kelly, Timothy 1  
Kennady, John 0  
Kennady, William 1 7
Kennon, Warner, at McIver's     
Kennon, Wm. W. at Nesbitts    
Ker, George 1 1
Kindrick, John 1  
Kingsbury, Nathaniel 1  
Knox, Andrew 1  
Kraatz, John 1  
Kaborde, Peter 1  
Langly, James 1  
Lawson, Thomas, carpenter 1 1
Lary, John G. 1 2
Leigh, Anselm, Est. 0 7
Leigh, Benjamin 1 5
Leigh, Walter 1 7
Leith, Sampson    
Lenoir, Fisher 1  
Lewis, Freeman 1 1
Liverman, Conrod 1 1
Lockington, Samuel 1  
Longstreet, William 1 1
Love, John 1  
Lubbock, Richard    
Lyons, Jesse, carpenter, at N. Greenwood    
Macintosh, John 1  
Mackoff, Pardon    
Magnan, Charles    
Magnan, Claudius 1 1
Magnan, James 1 7
Magnan, John B. 1 5
Malone, Isham 1  
Mann, Turner 2  
Martin, Alexander 1  
Martin, Angus, sadler 2 1
Martin, Richard, carpenter Sand Hills    
Martin, Samuel, sadler 1  
Martin, Zachariah 1  
May, Harry 1  
McAfee, James * 1  
McBride, John 1  
McCormack, John    
McCoy, Lewis, at Foster's    
McCurdie, John * 1 3
McDowall, Patrick 1  
McFarlin, Edward 1  
McGehee, Wm. at Urquhard    
McGowan, John    
McIhee (?), Peter    
McIver, John 1  
McIver, Kenneth, drowned lately 1  
McKinne, Barna 1  
McKinne, Felix 1  
McKinne, John 1  
McLaws, Alexander 0 1
McMillan, Alexander 3 1
McMurphy, Daniel * 1  
McNeil, John 1  
McPherson, Archibald 1  
McRae, John 1  
McTyere, Frizzle 0 3
McTyere, Holland 1  
McTyere, Robert 1  
McTyeire, William 1 3
Mead, John * 1  
Mead, William 0 5
Mead, William 0 0
Meals, Joshua 1 1
Menasco, James * 1  
Merarity, Dennis 1  
Merrion, William 1  
Micou, William 1  
Mills, James * gone 1  
Mitchel, Wm.    
Montgomery, John H. 1 7
Moore, Augustus 1  
Moore, John, market house 1  
Morse, George 1  
Morse, Jacob 1 4
Moseley, William, carpenter 1  
Murphy, James, in the Swamp    
Murray, Dr. John 1 1
Murren, James 1 1
Musgrove, Smith, carpenter 1  
Nantz, Frederick    
Nantz, Wm.    
Neal, David C. 1  
Nesbit, Allen 1  
Nesbit, Hugh 1 5
Nettles, Wm.    
Newton, Amos 1  
Newman, John * bricklayer, @ J. McRae 1  
Nixon, Hamilton, waggoner 1  
Nixon, Robert, waggoner, Hamilton 1  
Norriss, William 1  
Offutt, William Johnson 1  
Oliver, James B. 1 1
Osboine, Henry 1 2
Pace, Dreadsil * 1 2
Paine, William 1  
Pardue, Leroy, at McRays 1  
Pearre, Eli 1 1
Pearre, James 1 2
Pearre, John O. 1 4
Pearson, George, Beaverdam 1  
Pemberton, Alton, at Hoffers    
Perrie, Alexander 1  
Perry, John, at David Neals 1  
Pierce, John 1  
Pitts, Burton H.    
Pletcherm, Warren 1  
Poe, William 1 1
Pool, Baxter 1  
Pope, William 1  
Powers, Timothy 1  
Perryman, ____, ropemaker    
Raines, William McCarthy * 1  
Ramsey, David 1  
Randolph, L. B.    
Rasin, Philip F. 1  
Reed, Collin,  1 3
Rees. John, Parkinton near Louisburg    
Rees, Jon, carpenter    
Reid, David 1  
Revere, Henry L. 1  
Rhodes, Aaron, in the Swamp, adjoining - Forsythes    
Rhodes, Absalom 1 1
Richards, William 1  
Ringland, George 1  
Rives, Silas 1  
Robinson, William, Market House 1  
Ross, Wm.    
Roundtree, Berry * 1  
Rudisell, Wiery 1  
Ryan, ___?, Doctor    
Salmon, Hezekiah, Barber at Cummings 1  
Sanders, Adams 1  
Sanders, John    
Sandwich, Thomas, at Walter Taylors 1  
Savage, John * 1  
Sarels, William 1  
Scott, Patrick 1  
Scott, Samuel 1 1
Scott, William 1  
Seers, William, benchmaker 1  
Shackleford, John W. 1  
Shackleford, Mordicai    
Shepherd, William, laborer, Springfield 1  
Shoemaker, John, mullato 1  
Silver, Michael 1  
Sims, Benjamin 1 1
Smelt, Dennis 1  
Smerdon, Henry 1 5
Smith, David, at Durkees Billard Table 1  
Smith, John E. 2 1
Smith, Lovett, at McDowalls 1  
Smith, Samuel 1  
Smith, William 1  
Snead, John 1  
Sowing (?), Thos., carpenter    
Speed, William, at Collins 1  
Spencer, Alexander 1  
Spencer, William 1 1
Springer, Francis 1  
Squibb, Robert 0 1
Steel, John 1  
Stiles, John * 1  
Stiles, Joseph , bricklayer 1  
Street, Richard 1  
Sturges, Josiah 1  
Sturges, Oliver 1  
Sturges, Robert, for Est. Timmerman 1 4
Swain, James * 1  
Tait, John * 1  
Taylor, Abraham, carpenter 1  
Taylor, David, at John Willson 1 4
Taylor, Nathias, Sand Hills 1  
Taylor, Walter 1  
Taylor, William 1  
Taylor, William Junr. 1  
Telfair, Edward 0 2
Tennill, Etheldridge 1  
Thompson, John 1  
Threatt, Uriah, at Col. Watkins 1 1
Thornhill, James    
Thurman, John, Tobacco Inspector 1 1
Todd, Thomas B. 1  
Toole, James 1 4
Trotti, Francis 1  
Trotti, Lawrence * 1  
Troy, Wm., at Wingates    
Tubman, Charles 1  
Tubman, Richard 1 1
Turknett, Henry 1  
Turc, Hely 1  
Tyler, Wm. 1 2
Urquhart, David 1  
Urquhart, Robert 1  
Urquhart, William * 1 1
Vaughan, Eliza Jane, Mrs. McAfee 0 1
Vaughan, John * 1  
Vaughan, Micajah, Boatwright 1  
Verdery, Matherin 1 3
Vollotton, Francis 1  
Walker, Freeman 1  
Walker, George 1 5
Walker, James 1  
Walker, James Sanders * 1  
Walker, Robert 1  
Walton, George 1 4
Walton, Thomas 1  
Ward, Solomon    
Ware, James, at the Bridge    
Waterman, Asaph 1  
Watkins, Garland    
Watkins, George 1 2
Watkins, Robert 1 2
Watkins, Thomas, Est. 0 5
West, David, with Turner Mann 1  
Wheeler, Samuel, carpenter at Musgrave 1  
White, John, boatwright at Flints 1  
White, Trueman 1  
White, William 1  
Whittington, Calvin    
Wilcox, Isaac    
Wilder, Nathaniel 1 1
Wilkinson, Abner, at Laird Harris 1  
Williams, Zachariah, at Gardners 1  
Williamson, John 1  
Williford, David, at Tom Jones    
Willis, Thomas 1  
Willson, John 0 2
Willson, John, Junr 1  
Willson, John Wm., at Fosters    
Wilson, John, waggoner    
Wilson, William 1  
Wingate, Isaac, Martins 2  
Wiseman, Martin 1  
Wood, Daniel * 1  
Wood, Jeremiah 1  
Wood, Jonathan * 1 1
Woodruff, Wilson 1 1
Wright, Peter 1  
Young, William, at John Fox's 1  
Zinn, Henry 1 2

 

1. Source: Georgia Department of Archives and History.

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