Idaho Genealogy Express

A Part of Genealogy Express
 

Welcome to
State of Idaho
History & Genealogy

HISTORY
of
THE STATE OF IDAHO
By C. J. Brosnan
Superintendent of Public Schools, Nampa, Idaho
Publ. by Charles Scribner's Sons
New York  Chicago  Boston
1918

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ILLUSTRATIONS AND MAPS:

  Irrigation - The Finished Product, a Sugar-Beet Field 191
  Governor Frank Steunenberg 195
  Idaho Sheep 202
  Open Stand of Yellow Pine 203
  Yellow Pine Ready for the Sawmill 205
  Hauling the Logs to the Sawmill 206
  The Potlatch Lumber Mills 207


HISTORY OF THE STATE OF IDAHO

CHAPTER I. - GEOLOGICAL HISTORY
 - 1. How the geology of a Country Affects Its History
 - 2. How the Surface Features of Idaho Were Formed.
 - 3. The Pre-Cambrian Abe.
 - 4. The Paleozoic Age.
 - 5. The Granite Formations
 - 6. Rivers and Seas of Lava
 - 7. Courses of Rivers Changed by Lava-Flows
 - 8. Helpful Action of Winds
 - 9. Lakes Formed by Glaciers
 - 10. Many Changes Still in Progress
1
CHAPTER II. - PROMINENT PHYSICAL FEATURES
 - 11. Idaho a Large State
 - 12. Its Peculiar Shape
 - 13. Mountains Everywhere in Sight
 - 14. The Rivers of Idaho
 - 15. A Varied Climate
 - 16. Idaho's Scenery
10.
CHAPTER III. - THE INDIANS OF IDAHO
 - 17. Tribes and General Characteristics
 - 18. The Kutenais
 - 19. The Pend d'Oreille Indians
 - 20. The Coeur d'alene Indians
 - 21. (Page 19 missing)
 - 22. The Shoshonis or Snake Indians
 - 23. The Bannacks.
 - 24. The Sheepeaters
 - 25. The Lemhis
17.
CHAPTER IV. - HOW THE UNITED STATES ACQUIRED AN UNDISPUTED TITLE TO THE OREGON COUNTRY
 - 26. The Oregon Country.
 - 27. How a Nation Acquires New Territory.
 - 28. Our Right of Discovery.
 - 29. Our Right by Exploration.
 - 30. Our Right by Settlement.
 - 31. Our Claims Disputed.
26
CHAPTER V. - THE LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION.
 - 32. A Successful Expedition.
 - 33. The Long Journey
(Portrait of William Clark)
 - 34. Sacajawea
(Portrait of Meriwether Lewis)
 - 35. Lewis and Clarke Enter Idaho.
(Picture of Sacajawea Statue, City Park, Portland
 - 36 The Explorers Meet the Nez Perces.
 - 37. Building the Canoes.
 - 38. Chief Twisted Hair.
(Picture of Lewis and Clark Medals found in an Indian Grave near Mouth of Potlatch River in 1899)
 - 39. A Lewis and Clark Medal Discovered near the Mouth of the Potlatch River.
 - 40. The Explorers Reach the Junction of the Clearwater and the Snake Rivers.
 - 41. The Return
 - 42. The Departure
(Map of Routes of The Lewis and Clark Expedition)
29
CHAPTER IV. - THE FUR-TRADERS
 - 43. The Coming of the Trappers.
 - 44. The Northwest Company
 - 45. Later Activities of the Northwest Company in Idaho.
(Picture of Site of "Kullyspell House," Idaho's First Trading-Post.  Town of Hope.)
 - 46. The Missouri Fur Company
(Picture of Autograph of Andrew Henry.)
 - 47. The Pacific Fur Company
 - 48. The Hunt Party Reaches Idaho.
 - 49. They Sail down the Snake in Canoes
 - 50. Disaster at "Caldron Linn."
 - 51. On Foot to Astoria
 - 52. The Hunt and Crooks Parties
 - 53. Hunt's Later Career
 - 54. A Trapping Expeditions to Idaho.
 - 55. The Hudson's Bay Company
(Portrait of Doctor John McLoughlin)
 - 56. Operations of Hudson's Bay Company in Idaho.
 - 57. The First or Temporary Fort Boise.
 - 58. The Second or Permanent Fort Boise
 - 59. Francis Payette
(Picture of Interior of Fort Boise)
 - 60. Farnham's Description of Francis Payette.
(Picture of Exterior of Fort Boise)
 - 61. The Last Years of the Hudson's Bay Company
 - 62. The Rocky Mountain Fur Company
 - 63. The Golden Age of Trapping in Idaho.
 - 64. Pierre's Hole
(Map of Early Fur-Trading Posts and Missions)
 - 65. The Rendezvous
 - 66. Captain B. L. E. Bonneville
 - 67. - The Most Picturesque Figure in Early Idaho History.
(Portrait of Captain B. L. E. Bonneville)
 - 68. - Influential Friends
 - 69. Bonneville Across the Plains, 1832 - 1835.
 - 70. Bonnevile in Lemhi County
 - 71. A Muskrat-Hunt.
 - 72. Bonneville in Bear Lake County.
 - 73. Bonneville on the Portneuf.
 - 74. Bonneville's Achievements.
 - 75. Bonneville's Later Life
 - 76. Nathaniel J. Weyeth.
 - 77. Wyeth from Distinguished New England Ancestry. 
(Portrait of Nathaniel J. Weyeth)
 - 78. Wyeth's First Expedition
 - 79. Wyeth Returns to Idaho
 - 80. Wyeth Builds Fort Hall
(Portrait of Henry Hall)
 - 81. The Appearance of Fort Hall Under American Control.
 - 82. Fort Hall under Hudson's Bay Control.
 - 83. Idaho's First Flag-'raising at Old Fort Hall.
(Portrait of Interior of Fort Hall)
 - 84. Importance of Fort Hall.
 - 85. Weyeth Sells Fort Hall
(Picture of Exterior of Fort Hall)
 - 86. Later Life of Weyeth
 - 87. John C. Fremont
 - 88. Fremont Through Idaho, 1843.
 - 89. Fremont's Achievement
 
CHAPTER VII. - WESTERN TRAILS
 - 90. The Making of a Trail
 - 91. Noted Trails.
 - 92. The Oregon Trail.
(Picture of Portion of the Oregon Trail, Southern Idaho)
 - 93. The Oregon Trail in Idaho
 - 94. Travel over the Oregon Trail.
 - 95. The Mullan Road
(Portrait of John Mullan)
 - 96. The Lo Lo Trail
(Picture of The Lo Lo Trail)
62
CHAPTER VIII. - THE MISSIONARIES AND FIRST SETTLERS.
 - 98. The Trapper Brings the First Tidings of Christianity to the Oregon Country.
 - 99. The First Indian Deputation to St. Louis
 - 100. The First Religious Service in Idaho
(Rev. Jason Lee)
 - 101. Spalding and Whitman.
(Portrait of Rev. Henry H. Spalding)
 - 102. First White Woman Through Idaho
(Picture of The House Built by Mr. Spalding in 1837.)
 - 103. The Lapwai Missions
 - 104. Mrs. Spaulding Teaches Indian Women
 - 105. Indians Learn Farming
(Picture of First Printing-Press in the Pacific Northwest)
 - 106. First Printing Press in the Northwest
(Picture of Translation of the Gospel of Mathew in the Nez Perce.  One of the books printed at the Lapwai Mission)
 - 107 - Idaho's First White Child.
(Portrait of Eliza Spalding Warren.  Idaho's first white child)
 - 108. The Lapwai Mission Reopened.
 - 109. The Catholic Missions
 - 110. Father Peter J. De Smet.
(Portrait of Father Peter J. De Smet)
 - 111. Father De Smet's Visits to Southern Idaho.
 - 112. Father De Smet in North Idaho
 - 113. Father De Smet's Activities Among North Idaho Tribes
 - 114. The Establishment of the First oeur de'Alene Mission.
(Picture of First Coeur D'Alene Mission on the St. Joe River, 1842.)
 - 115. The Second or "Old" Mission on the Coeur d'Alene River (1846)
(Picture of Second Coeur D'Alene Mission on the Coeur D'Alene river as it appeared about 1860.)
 - 116. A Romantic History
(Picture of Historic "Old Mission" Church near Cataldo)
 - 117. The De Smet Mission
 - 118. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints in Idaho.
 - 119. Fort Lemhi: Southern Idaho's First Temporary Settlement
 - 120. The Grasshoppers Destroy Crops (1856)
 - 121. A Visit from Brigham Young (1857)
 - 122. A Prosperous Year at the Mission (1857)
(Portrait of President Brigham Young)
 - 123. Fort Lemhi Abandoned (1858)
 - 124. The Mud Walls of Fort Lemhi
(Picture of Ruins of Fort Lemhi.)
 - 125. Idaho's First Permanent Settlement
 - 126. Franklin Pioneers Establish Idaho's First Irrigation System.
(Picture of Pioneer Monument, Franklin)
 - 127. Idaho's First School or White Children
 - 128. Work of Protestant Churches
 - 129. Bishop Tuttle and Reverend Mr. Fackler
(Portrait of Right Reverend Daniel S. Tuttle)
 - 130. Bishop Tuttle Revered by Pioneers.
 - 131. Menaced by Indians.
 - 132. Golden Jubilee in 1916.
 - 133. Colonel William Craig
(Portrait of Colonel William Craig)
 - 134. Robert Newell
(Portrait of Doctor Robert Newell)
68
CHAPTER IX. - THE MINING ERA
 - 135. Idaho's Gold Discoveries Part of a Great Movement
 - 136. Captain E. D. Pierce Discovers Gold on the Clearwater.
(Portrait of Captain E. D. Pierce, Discoverer of gold in Idaho)
(Picture of The Modern Village of Elk City, situated near the Famous Elk City Placer District)
 - 137. Significance of the Clearwater Discoveries
(Picture of East End of New Warren, near "Warren's Diggings," one of the more Permanent Salmon River Placer Camps)
 - 138. Discovery of Salmon River Mining District (1861-1862)
(Picture of NEW FLORENCE, The modern village is situated near the site of the placer-camp of "Old" Florence)
 - 139. The Astonishing Richness of the Florence Camp
 - 140. Significance of the Salmon River Discoveries
(Picture of SALMON CITY.  One of the older towns in the State)
 - 141. Grimes's Boise Basin Discovery (1862)
 - 142. Boise Basin One of the Nation's Richest Placer-Camps.
 - 143. The Boise Basin a Permanent Community.
NOTES ON IDAHO COUNTY BOUNDARY-LINES AS DEFINED BY THE FIRST TERRITORIAL LEGISLATURE (JANUARY 16 AND FEBRUARY 4, 1864)
(Picture of Map of Idaho County Boundary-Lines in 1864.)
 - 144. Michael Jordan's Owyhee Discovery
 - 145. The Owyhee Quartz-Mines Attract Outside Capital
 - 146. Early Owyhee Camps
(Picture of Wardner, from Haystack Hill.  In the Coeur d'Alene mining district)
 - 147. Mining Development in Lemhi and Custer Counties
(Picture of The Hercules Mill)
 - 148. The Wood River District (1879)
 - 149. The Stampede to the Coeur d'Alenes (1884)
 - 150. The Discovery of the Great Lead-Silver Belt
(Picture of Map of Idaho Counties in 1884)
(Picture of Bunker Hill and Sullivan New Lead Smelter and Refinery, Near Kellogg.  The cars in the foreground bring the crude ore from the mine, which is back in the hills)
 - 151. The World's Leading Lead-Silver District.
88
CHAPTER X - LIFE IN THE EARLY MINING-CAMPS.
 - 152. Placer-Mining
 - 153. The Prospector's Tools
(Picture of The Luna House, Lewiston)
(Picture of The Old Overland Hotel, Boise)
 - 154. The Miner's Cabin
(Picture of A Typical Miner's Cabin)
 - 155. The Miner's Food
 - 156. The Miner's Dress
 - 157. Miners Were Young and Vigorous
 - 158. The Placer-Miner Worked Hard
 - 159. Recreations
 - 160. Friendships
 - 161. Mining-Camp Humor
(Portrait of Hill Beacy.  From "Vigilante Days and Ways," by N. P. Lanford.  A. C. McClurg & Co., publishers.  Used by permission.
 - 162. Religious Life in the Camps.
 - 163. Intellectual Interests.
(Portrait of MRS. STATIRA E.. ROBINSON.  She taught a public school at Florence in the fall of 1864.)
 - 164. Politics
 - 165. Military Protection for the Miners.
(Picture of The L. P. BROWN HOTEL, Mount Idaho)
 - 166. Communication with the Outside World
 - 167. Transportation.
(Picture of The Stage Coach)
(Picture of A PACK-TRAIN: CINCHING. From "Vigilante Days and Ways," by N. P. Lanford.  A. C. McClurg & Co., publishers.  Used by permission.
 - 168. Self-Government:  The Mining Camp
 - 169. The Struggle for Order:  The Vigilantes
101
CHAPTER XI - TERRITORIAL ORGANIZATION 117
CHAPTER XII. - THE INDIAN WARS.
 - 187. General Conditions
 - 188. War with the Northern Indians.
 - 189. Battle of Four Lakes
 - 190. Colonel Wright at Coeur d'Alene Mission
 - 191. Wright a Successful Indian-Fighter
 - 192. Battle of Battle Creek
 - 193. The Nez Perce War.
(Picture of Nez Perce War Scene - Whitebird Battle-Ground)
(Picture of Nez Perce War Scene - Indian Breastworks on Rim of Clearwater Canyon)
 - 194. Treaty of 1855.
 - 195. Treaty of 1863.
 - 196. Death of "Old Joseph"
 - 197. Immediate Causes of the War.
 - 198. Battle of Whitebird Canyon.
 - 199. The Battle of the Clearwater
(Picture of GENERAL O. O. HOWARD.  Commanding Department of the East, 1888.)
 - 200. Joseph's Retreat over the Lo Lo Trail.
 - 201. Joseph Long Flight from the Lo Lo Valley to Bear Paw Mountain.
(Picture of Map showing Chief Joseph's Retreat from the Clearwater Battle-Field to Bear Paw Mountain)
 - 202. Chief Joseph's Surrender
 - 203. Joseph's Speech at the Surrender
(Picture of NEZ PERCE WAR SCENE - MANUEL'S RANCH.  Here occured one of the earliest atrocities of the Nez Perce War.)
 - 204. Chief Joseph's Genius
 - 205. Last Days of Chief Joseph
 - 206. The Bannack War of 1878
 - 207. Buffalo Horn
 - 208. Defeat of the Bannack's
 - 209. The Sheepeaters' War.
 - 210. Plan of Attack
 
CHAPTER XIII - THE CATTLE DAYS
 - 211. How the Cattle Came to the Northwest
 - 212. The Open Range
(Picture of Hereford Cattle find Ideal Grazing in our National Forests.)
 - 213. The Cowboy
 - 214. The Round up
 - 215. Branding the Cattle
 - 216. The Idaho Branding Laws
 - 217. Conditions in Idaho
 - 218. Grazing in the National Forests
(Picture of Cattle Drifting Away From The National Forest at the Close of the Season.
 - 219. Grazing on State Lands
146
CHAPTER XIV. - THE SHEEP ERA 153
CHAPTER XV. - THE COMING OF THE RAILROADS 161
CHAPTER XVI . - STATEHOOD 168
CHAPTER XVII. - AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT 174
CHAPTER XVIII. - THE STORY OF IRRIGATION 184
CHAPTER XIX. - NOTEWORTHY RECENT EVENTS. 192
CHAPTER XX. - MATERIAL AND EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS 201
SUPPLEMENT A - A POLITICAL HISTORY SKETCH
 - IDAHO TERRITORY  1863 - 1800
213
 - 295. William H. Wallace (1863)
 - 296. Caleb Lyon (1864 - 1866)
213
 - 297. David W. Ballard (1866-1870)
 - 298. Edward J. Curtis (1870)
214
 - 299. Thomas W. Bennett (1871-1875) 215
 - 300. David P. Thompson (1875-1876)
 - 301. Mason Brayman (1876-1880)
216
 - 302. John B. Neill (1800-1883)
 - 303. John N. Irwin (1883)
217
 - 304. William M. Bunn (1884-1885)
 - 305. E. A. Stevenson (1885-1889)
218
 - 306. George L. Shoup (1889-1890) 219
SUPPLEMENT B. - A POLITICAL HISTORY SKECH
 - IDAHO SINCE STATEHOOD, 1890-1918
220
 - 307. - George L. Shoup (July 3 - December 19, 1890)
 - 308. - Norman B. Willey (December 19, 1890 - 1893)
220
 - 309. - William J. McConnell (1893-1897)
 - 310. - Frank Steunenberg (1897-1901)
221
 - 311. - Frank W. Hunt (1901-1903) 222
 - 312. - John T. Morrison (1903-1905)
 - 313. - Frank R. Gooding (1905-1909)
223
 - 314. - James H. Brady (1909-1911)
 - 315. - James H. Hawlely (1911-1913)
224
 - 316. John M. Haines (1913-1915)
 - 317. Moses Alexander  (1915-1918)
225
SUPPLEMENT C. - 224
 - TERRITORIAL GOVERNORS
 - TERRITORIAL CHIEF JUSTICES
 - TERRITORIAL DELEGATES TO CONGRESS
 - STATE GOVERNORS
 - CHIEF JUSTICES
 - UNITED STATES SENATORS
 - UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVS
 - COUNTIES AND COUNTY SEATS
 - STATE BUILDINGS
 
INDEX - 233 - 237
.NOTES:

 

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