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DETERMINING LOCATION OF LAND

The exact location of a land purchase may be found by using the legal description given in the database entry.

The rectangular coordinate system of surveys divides Illinois into 36-square mile townships that are located in ranges west of the 2nd Principal Meridian or east or west of the 3rd or the 4th Principal Meridian. Townships are further located as north or south of base lines that serve as reference points for each meridian.

Refer to the legal description from the database entry to find the meridian for the land purchase. Then use the numbers along the appropriate meridian and base line to count north or south of the base line and east or west of the principal meridian to locate the township in which the land is situated. For example, if the legal description is Township 28N, Range 6E 3rd P.M., begin at the intersection of the 3rd Principal Meridian and the Centralia Base Line and count 28 townships north and 6 ranges east to find a township in the middle of Livingston County.

This township will be divided into 36 sections of 640 acres. Each section is further subdivided into quarter sections, half-quarter sections, or quarter-quarter sections. Examples of these subdivisions within a township appear below. Use the figures below to determine location within a township and within a section.

NW - The northwest of a section (160 acres)
S2NW - South of the northwest of a section (80 acres)
NENW - The northeast of the northwest of a section (40 acres)

 

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