100 W. Broadway
Monmouth, IL 61462-1761
Phone: (309) 734-8592
Wabash County was formed
in 1824 out of Edwards County, after an armed confrontation between the
militias of Albion and Mt. Carmel after the county seat was moved from a
town near the current city of Mount Carmel to Albion.
The County is named for the Wabash River, which forms
its eastern and southern borders. The name "Wabash" is an English
spelling of the French name for the river, "Ouabache." French traders
named the river after the Miami Indian word for the river, "Wabashike,"
(Prounounced "Wah-bah-she-keh"), the word for "pure white." Much of the
river bottom is white limestone, now obscured by mud.
A 329-acre (1.3 km˛) remnant of the county's original
Eastern Woodlands ecosystem can be found in the Forest of the Wabash
located within the county's Beall Woods State Park.
County Seat: Monmouth
Year Organized: 1825
Square Miles: 543
Lawrence Co. - North
2. - Knox Co., Indiana - East
3. - Gibson Co., Indiana - South
4. - Edwards Co. - West
5. - Richland Co. - Northwest
* Mount Carmel