|BETWEEN the years 1629 and 1630, an
Anglo-Saxon settlement was planted at Kent Island on
the Eastern shore of the Chesapeake. Here it
took root and flourished, and so when Lord
Baltimore's colonists arrived a few years later
to substantiate his claims, they found others ready
to dispute his title. Colonel William
Claiborne stands out in local history as the
head of the rebels, and as he was defeated, but
still declined to acknowledge the supremacy of the
new over-lord, he was banished and his lands
forfeited. Some of his followers returned to
England, but many settlers remained. By
Gov. Leonard Calvert the island was deemed of
sufficient importance have its affairs regulated by
a Commissioner, whom he duly appointed. As
early as 1638, we find burgesses from the Isle of
Kent attending the General Assembly, held that year
at Fort St. Mary's. This island, therefore,
wrangled over as it was, even to the shedding of
blood, stands to us as a landmark on the plat of
time, to be consulted in the laying out of the new
lines of our present interests. Here there is
still a farm going by Claiborne's name, and here are
the site and foundations of a church, built in 1650,
which serve as a connecting link in the
ecclesiastical traditions, originating with the
ministrations of the Rev. Richard James the
clergyman of the first Anglo-Saxon settlement.
Broad Creek church, erected in 1650, and Christ
church at Stevensville, its successor, erected in
1880, represent a long lapse of time in the history
of a people, only the old place of worship is now
but a memory; bushes and briars have been allowed to
take possession of the God's acre, where
the living once paid honor to their dead, and the
venerable monuments have crumbled away. The
only ancient tomb stones reported to us in this
locality, are those on the farm of James
Bright, near the site of the old church, and
those on Walter F. White's place, at
Co-eval with the building of the church on Broad creek,
in 1650, the boundaries of Kent county were defined.
They embraced all the territory on the mainland
lying between the Sassafras river on the north, and
the Choptank on the south, a very large slice of the
Eastern shore, and now divided into Kent, Queen
Anne's, Talbot and a part of Caroline
The mainland, which can be reached from the island at
low tide by a causeway crossing the Narrows, is rich
in old places of burial and here tombstones are
still to be found, bearing the well-known names of
Bennett, Blake, Carroll, Chamberlaine, Decourcy,
Earle, Goldsborough, Hall, Lloyd, Neale, Rousby,
Rozer and Tilghman.
Four stones are all that
remain of the graveyard at Bennett's Point.
There are bits of what may have been the facing of a
vault, or the upright frame of Captain
Greene's stone, and broken bricks scattered
around. Here is found the tomb of Dorothy
Carroll. The top of the slab, a
perfectly preserved specimen of white marble, is
ornamented with the Carroll coat of arms
impaled with another, probably that of Blake—chevron
between three shocks of wheat—the whole being
surmounted by helmet and crest—the Carroll bird—and
deeply carved in a lozenge. The stone lies
apart from the rest of the group and bears this
Here lyeth Interr'd the
of Dorothy Carroll Daughter
of Mr. Charles Blake of
Wye River in the Province of
Maryland, & Wife of Charles Carroll
son of Charles
Carroll Esqr. of
Clounlisk, in the King's County and
Kingdom of Ireland.
She was Meek, Prudent and Virtuous
wanting no good quality that
Compose a good Christian and Wise
tender and loveing Mother and Friend,
tho' Young in years a Matron
in Behavior and Conduct.
She left Issue two sons and
one Daughter who inherit
her Beauty, and to be hoped,
they will her Virtues.
She departed this life the
8 day of July Anno Domini
Aged Thirty-one Years, Seven Months
and Twelve Days.
An almost illegible,
broken gray slab, has the following inscription (the
brackets indicate portions illegible):
Here lies Interred ye
Thomas Greene Mast[er and Mari]
ner of ye Towne of Ne[wcastle]
on Lyne Comma[nder of the ship]
Loveing Friendship [departed]
this life at Sea 17 August
1674 and brought here and [buried]
February 27 afterwards] ? ? ? ?
Other inscriptions on
the stones of Richard Bennett and his
Here lieth the body of Richard Bennett
Esq., who was born the 16th of September
1667, and died ye 11th of October 1749. His
Father Died Young His Grandfather, who was
also named Richard Bennett, was Governor of Virignia.
No man was more Esteemed in Life In all Ranks of
People than He, And this Esteem proceeded from his
Benevolent & Charitable Disposition, Added to a Vast
Depth of Understanding. To His Memory this
Tombstone is dedicated by his Nephew, The
Honourable Edward Lloyd Esq.
Here Lyes Interr'd the Body of Elizabeth, Wife
of Richard Bennett Esq.
She was the Daughter of John Rousby Esq. by
Barbara his Wife and Dyed the third day of April
Anno Domini 1740 in the 58th Year of her Age very
much lamented. Requiescat in pace.
On the farm is a stone bearing the name
Mrs. C. Augusta Pratt, Born August 28, 1804;
Died August 4, 1854.
At " Bolingly,"
Queenstown, now occupied by a hotel, are found
several graves. Some of the inscriptions are:
Here lyeth the Body of Edward Neale Esq., who departed
this life the
28th day of December 1760, Aged Sixty years.
Here lies the Body of Mrs. Martha Hall, who
departed this Life the 31st Day of May 1789, Aged
fifty-one years and five months. May she rest
Here lies Thomas Whetenhall Rozer Esqr. who died
Octr. 22nd, 1785, Aged 27. May he rest in Peace.
Sacred to the memory of Clarina Underbill,
wife of Anthony Underbill Esq., of the
City of New York, who departed this life on the 6th
of June 1835, at Queens Town E. Shore Maryland, aged
66 years. This tomb is erected by those who most
valued her while living and lamented her when lost
At the " Hermitage,"
Queen Anne county, lie the remains
of Dr. Richard Tilghman, the progenitor of the
family, also those of his wife Mary Foxley. He died
she survived him twenty years. The graveyard is kept
good order and the names of those buried there
interesting list of Tilghmans who distinguished
their day and generation.
But Doe not forgett
will have no lett
Consider thy end
time well spend
shalt thou have
in thy grave."
Ita dixit Richardus tilghmanus
In artique chirugi
qui sub hoc tumulo
Janu 7mo Anno
& wife) and wife Isabella, daughter of Col.
Pearce, with their issue: Rachel,
Catherine, Isabella, Edward &
Rachel Blay & Peregrine Brown
of England, her husband, and their son Peregrine;
her second husband Aquilla Pearce &
their daughter Martha.
Catherine & John Tilden and their
children: Isabella & Richard
of London, her husband, and their children
William, John, Samuel & John
This inscription and the enclosure done by the
direction of John Wethered,
who died on the 21st. of February 1822, in the 77th
year of his age.
There are no stones with
inscriptions in the graveyard.
Another worthy, associated for many years with
Shrewsbury parish, was Gen. John
Cadwalader, a native of Philadelphia and a
soldier of the Revolution. Until the end of
the last century a fine marble altar tomb stood in
the churchyard to his memory, "placed there,"
according to the inscription, "by his affectionate
children" to mark the spot where his remains were
deposited. His Philadelphia descendants,
however, have since had it removed to Laurel Hill
cemetery on the banks of the Schuylkill, and in this
monument Kent county has lost a valued legacy.
Gen. John Cadwalader departed
this life February 11, 1786, aged 44 years, 1 month
and 1 day. The epitaph on his tomb written by
his violent political enemy, Thos. Paine,
speaks of his character as a soldier and statesman,
of his inflexible patriotism, his heart "incapable
of deceiving," his nice sense of honor, his
qualities as a friend and his domestic virtues.
These inscriptions are
found at " Spencer Place," on Grey's
Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Martha (Wickes)
Spencer, consort of Richard Spencer,
who departed this life, March 13, 1818, in the 69th
year of her age, after living happily together 47
Sacred to the memory of Richard Spencer, who departed
this life April 25, 1825, in the 93rd. year of his
age, after living a happy and exemplary life.
Richard Spencer, the son of Richard
and Martha (Wickes) Spencer,
departed this life February 19th, 1836, in the 56th
year of his age.
Sophia Spencer, consort of Richard
Spencer, departed this life June 11, 1826.
Martha Sophia Spencer, the
daughter of the second Richard Spencer
of Kent County, Maryland, died at Columbus, Geo.
June 1838, in the 19th year of her age.
St. Paul's churchyard,
St. John's parish, Hillsborough, in Caroline county,
contains these two stones:
James H. Barton
born March 15th, 1819; died April 21st 1845.
Mary E. Seth Holt, wife of Dr. John H. Holt,
born March 3rd, 1811; died June 27th, 1843.
In a field back of the
main business streets are some well preserved
memorials to members of the Tillotson family.
John Tillotson died 5th day of August
1853, aged 29 years. He was
a kind husband, an honest man; to love him was only
to know him.
Esq., born Nov. 14th, 1748; died Sept. 17th,
In the cemetery of
Denton lies the body of a centenarian, Nathan
Trifett, who died October 15, 1873, aged 104
The oldest inscription in the Methodist churchyard is
to the memory of Hannah M. Numbers, wife of
Thomas Numbers, who died May 26, 1850,
aged 36 years.
The Catholic cemetery is also of comparatively recent
date, the earliest tombstones being inscribed to the
memory of Elizabeth G. Collins, daughter of
Gen. William Potter, who died June 15, 1850,
aged 57 years; Joseph Richardson, born
June 14, 1770, died January 16, 1848; Elizabeth
G. Richardson died July 29, 1842, aged 52 years,
4 months and 4 days and Elizabeth Turner,
daughter of John Griffith in
Dorchester county, Md., born March 3, 1770, died
September 29, 1841. Her first husband was
James Ewing of Caroline county, Md.,
after whose death she married Jesse Turner
of Kent county, Delaware, whom she also
survived. Monument erected by her son Robert
Ewing of Philadelphia, Pa.; Elizabeth
Whitney, wife of Frank Whitney,
born December, 1747; died October 28, 1828, ends the