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Welcome to
Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania
History & Genealogy

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Source:
HISTORY OF
HUNTINGDON COUNTY
in the
STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA
from the Earliest Times to the Centennial
Anniversary of American Independence,
July 4 1876
by Milton Scott Lytle
Published at Lancaster, Pa
by William H. Roy, Publisher
1876

  PAGE
PREFACE iii
CHAPTER I. 17
 - Aborigines of Huntingdon County
 - Doubts Concerning Them
 - First White Visitors
 - Indian Traders
 - Their Character
 - The Old Indian War-Path 
 
CHAPTER II. 20
 - Conrad Weiser
 - His Journey to the Ohio
 - William Franklin
 - George Croghan
 - Andrew Montour
 - Black Log
 - The Standing Stone
 - John Harrie's Statement
 - It's Location
 - Meaning of Inscriptions upon it
 - Second stone erected by the Whites
 
CHAPTER III. - 28
 - Aggressions upon Unpurchased Lands
 - First Settlers in Huntingdon County
 - Measures taken to Expel Them
 - Burning of their Dwellings
 - Aughwick
 - Burt Cabins
 - Discontent of the Indians
 - Ineffectual Work
 
CHAPTER V. - 40
 - Treaty and purchase at Albany in 1754
 - Description of Lands Conveyed by the Six Nations
 - Consequences which Followed
 - A Turning Point
 - The Six Nations
 - Their Sovereignty
 - History
 - Residence
 - Character
 - The Delawares
 - Their Subjection to the Six Nations
 - The Shawnees
 - Imperious Assertion of Authority
 - An Acknowledgment by the Delawares
 - Fatal Revenge.
 
CHAPTER VI. - 45
 - Aughwick
 - Croghan
 - His Reasons for Settling There
 - Surrender of Fort Necessity
 - Indians Come to Aughwick
 - Are Furnished with Supplies by Croghan
 - Drunkeness
 - Temperance Measures
 - Weiser's Conference with the Indians
 - Charges Against Croghan and the Answers to Them
 - Braddock's Complaints
 - Death of the Half King
 - Consolation from Croghan
 - Indian Desire for Presents
 - Monacatootha
 
CHAPTER VII. 55
 - Fortification of Aughwick
 - Croghan's Views
 - Postponement of the Project
 - Movement against the French
 - Braddock's Expedition
 - Appeal to the Indians
 - Croghan in Command of those from Aughwick
 - Deserters
 - Thanks of Council
 - Speech of Scarroyady
 - Indians Leave Aughwick
 - Change in Croghan's Relations to the Government
 - No Longer in Charge of Indian Affairs
 
CHAPTER VIII. 61
 - Revival of the Project of Fortifying Aughwick
 - Condition of the Frontier Settlements
 - Reasons why they were Unprotected
 - Conflict between the Governor and the Assembly
 - Croghan Commissioned as a Captain and Ordered to Erect Stockades
 - Where they were to be Built
 - Fort Shirley
 - Captain Croghan Recruits men to Garrison the Forts
 - Difficulties Concerning His Accounts
 - Resigns his Commission and Leaves Fort Shirley
 
CHAPTER IX. 66
 - Commissary General of Musters Visits and Pays Troops at Fort Shirley
 - Letter from Captain Mercer
 - Recruiting at Carlisle
 - Strength of Garrison at Fort Shirley
 - Condition of his Company
 - Arms, Accoutrements, Provisions and Pay
 - Capture and Burning of Fort Granville
 - Preparations for an Attack on Fort Shirley
 - Colonel Armstrong's Expedition Against Kittanning
 - Rendezvous at Fort Shirley
 - Surprise and Rout Of the Indians
 - Killing of Captain Jacobs, the Indian Chief
 - Captain Mercer Wounded and Missing
 - He Rejoins His Company
 - Evacuation of Fort Shirley.
 
CHAPTER X. 70
 - Situation on the Frontiers after 1754
 - Warrants Granted in 1755
 - In 1762
 - Hugh Crawford's Improvement
 - Revival of Purchases
 - Dangers From and Depredations by the Indians
 - The Town of Huntingdon
 - Its Founder, Dr. William Smith
 -Selina, Countess of Huntingdon.
 
CHAPTER XI. 74
 - Huntingdon at the Beginning of the Revolutionary War
 - The McMurtries
 - Fort Standing Stone
 - Tories
 - Colonel Piper Exceeds his Authority
 - General Roberdean at Huntingdon
 - His Letter
 - Tory Expedition to Kittanning
 - Its Result
 - Death of Weston and Dispersion of his Men
 
CHAPTER XII. 82
 - 1778 to 1782
 - Cumberland County Militia sent to the Frontier
 - Difficulty of Obtaining Arms
 - Colonel Broadhead's Regiment Ordered to Standing Stone
 - Captain Thomas Clugage's Company
 - At Fort Roberdeau
 - Charges Against Captain Clugage
 - His Reply to Them
 - Militia of Lancaster and York Called out for Service in Bedford and Westmoreland
 - Their Failure to Respond
 - Colonel Martin's Letter to Council
 - Assistance from Cumberland County
 - Huntingdon a Depot for Supplies
 - Division of County into Military Districts
 - Colonel George Ashman
 - His Report to President Reed
 - His Anxiety For the Safety of the Country
 - Surrender of Lord Cornwallis
 - General Carlton
 - Supersedes Sir Henry Clinton
 - Peace
 
CHAPTER XIII. 91
 - Division of Pennsylvania into Counties
 - Philadelphia, Bucks and Chester
 - Lancaster
 - Cumberland
 - Bedford
 - Huntindon
 - County Seat
 - Townships then within the County
 - Election Districts
 - First Incumbents of County Offices
 - Court Houses
 - Jails
 - Running and Ascertaining County Lines
 - Difficulties with Mifflin County
 - Erection of new Counties
 - Centre
 
- Cambria
 
- Blair
 
CHAPTER XIV. 101
 - A Tempest in Politics
 - Adoption of the Constitution of the United States
 - Opposition to it in Huntingdon County
 - General William McAlevy
 - His Political Influence
 - Armed Interference with the Public Officers in the Performance of their Duties
 - Turbulent Interruption of the Courts
 - Arrests and Rescues
 - Muster of Col. Cannon's Battalion
 - Assault and Battery upon Benjamin Elliott
 - The Military retires from the Field
 - More Arrests
 - Destruction of Warrants and Indictment
 - Obliteration of the Records of the Court of Quarter Sessions of Smith and Flight of Henderson
 - Action of Supreme Executive Council
 - Further Violence
 - McAlevy and the Mob
 - The Storm Subsides
 
CHAPTER XV. 110
 - Close of the Eighteenth Century
 - Peace and Plenty
 - Prosperity and Improvement
 - Navigation of the Juniata and Raystown Branch
 - Of the Little Juniata and Standing Stone Creek
 - First Iron Works
 - Bedford Furnace
 - Barree Forge
 - Huntingdon Furnace
 - First Ark on the Susquehanna and Juniata
 - First Newspaper
 - Establishment of the Post Office at Huntingdon
 
CHAPTER XVI. 116
 - Newspapers of the Past
 - Huntingdon Gazette
 - Literary Museum
 - Republican Advocate
 - Huntingdon Courier
 - Huntingdon Messenger
 - Standing Stone Banner
 - Shirleysburg Herald
 - The Union
 - Broad Top Miner
 - Workingmen's Advocate
 - Young American
 - The American and the Republican
 
CHAPTER XVII. 124
 - Newspaper of the Present
 - The Journal
 - A. W. Benedict
 - Theo H. Cremer
 - James Clark
 - J. Sewell Stewart
 - J. R. Durborrow
 - The Globe
 - William Lewis
 - A. L. Guss
 - The Monitor
 - Destruction of the Office by the Soldiers
 - S. E. Fleming
 - M. M. McNeil
 - The Local News
 - Hugh Lindsay
 - Mount Union Times
 - The Herald
 - The Leader
 - The Pilgrim
 - The Young Disciple
 
CHAPTER XVIII. 137
 - Enterprises of the Past
 - Post-Riders
 - Arks
 - Pack-Horses
 - Juniata Mail Stage
 - Weekly
 - Daily
 - Time From Philadelphia to Huntingdon and Pittsburg
 - Mail Rout to Chambersburg
 - Turnpikes
 - Incorporation of the Huntingdon, Cambria and Indiana
 - Huntingdon and Lewistown
 - Pennsylvania Canal
 - Legislation Under which it was Constructed
 - Preliminary Surveys
 - Opened for Navigation
 - Public Enthusiasm
 - Sale to the Pennsylvania Railroad Company
 - Abandoned West of Huntingdon
 
CHAPTER XIX. 147
 - Railroads
 - Philipsburg and Juniata
 - Huntingdon and Chambersburg
 - Huntingdon and Hollidaysburg
 - Pennsylvania
 - Huntingdon and Broad Top Mountain
 - Drake's Ferry and East Broad Top
 - East Broad Top Railroad and Coal Company
 - Lewisburg, Centre and Spruce Creek
 - Telegraphs.
 
CHAPTER XX. 157
 - Organization of First Agricultural Society
 - Its Objects and Manner of Advancing Them
 - Present Agricultural Society
 - Organization
 - First Officers
 - Incorporation
 - Date Upon which Fairs have been Held
 - Premiums and Expenses
 - Present Officers
 - Statistics of Agriculture and Manufactures
 
CHAPTER XXI. 163
 - Coal and Iron
 - Early Knowledge of the Existence of Coal and Broad Top
 - Attempt to Create a Market for It
 - Beginning of the Coal Trade
 - Annual Production
 - Detailed Statement of the Business for 1875
 - Coke
 - Juniata Charcoal Iron
 - Furnaces and Forges by which it was Made
 
CHAPTER XXII. 168
 - Education
 - Number of Schools in the County
 - Average Number of Months Taught
 - Number of Children in Attendance
 - Teachers
 - Classification
 - Branches Taught
 - School Buildings
 - Primitive School House
 - Recent Architecture
 - Heating of School Buildings
 - Primitive School House
 - Reach Architecture
 - Heating of School Rooms
 - Furniture and Apparatus
 - Teacher's Institutes
 - County Superintendency
 - Salary
 - List of Persons who have Held the Office
 - Receipts and Expenditures for School Purposes
 - Illiteracy
 - Number of Persons who cannot Read or Write
 
CHAPTER XXIII. 178
 - Private Schools
 - Shirleysburg Academy and Seminary
 - Milnwood Academy
 - Cassville Seminary
 - Soldiers' Orphan School
 - Huntingdon Academy
 - Mountain Seminary
 - Churches
 
CHAPTER XXIV. 182
 - Population and Wealth
 - Steady and Gratifying Increase
 - Progress from 1790 to 1870
 - Whites, Free Colored and Slaves
 - Foreigners
 - Countries from which they Came and number from Each
 - Distribution of Population
 - White and Colored, Native and Foreign
 - Value of Real and Personal Property
 - Comparison with Other Counties
 - Area and Taxation
 
CHAPTER XXV. 185
 - The Great Rebellion
 - Resolutions Adopted before its Commencement
 - Series of Meetings and Huntingdon in April, 1861, and Proceedings Thereat
 - Departure of the First Company for Harrisburg
 - Enthusiasm of the People
 - Display of the National Colors in all Pats of the County
 - Supplying Soldiers with Refreshments
 - Soldiers' Aid Societies
 - Number of Men Furnished by the County during the War
 - Commissioned Officers, with their Rank Commands, Etc.
 - Militia
 - Emergency Men
 - Decoration of Soldiers' Graves
 - Memorial Association
 
CHAPTER XXVI. 200
 - Supreme Executive Council
 - Members from Huntingdon County
 - Col. John Cannon
 - Benjamin Elliott
 - Numerous Public Positions Filled by the Latter
 - His Descendants
 
CHAPTER XXVII. 202
 - David Rittenhouse Porter
 - Leading Events in his Life before becoming a Citizen of Huntingdon County
 - Clerk and Manager at Barree Forge
 - Engaged in the Manufacture of Iron on Spruce Creek
 - His Failure
 - Elected County Auditor
 - Member of Legislature
 - Appointed Prothonotary
 - Register of Wills and Recorder of Deeds
 - Elected State Senator
 - Governor in 1838 and 1841
 - Vote in Huntingdon County
 - Retires to Private Life
 - Death
 
CHAPTER XXVIII. 207
 - Hon. John Scott
 - His Education
 - Admission to the Bar
 - Appointed Deputy Attorney-General
 - Elected a Representative in the Legislature
 - Supports the Government in the Suppression of the Rebellion, and Advocates the Re-election of Lincoln in 1864
 - Elected United States Senator
 - His Public Services
 - Committees of which he was a Member
 - Part taken by Him in Legislation
 - Appointed General Counsel for Pennsylvania Company and removes to Pittsburg
 
CHAPTER XXIX. 214
 - Representatives in Congress
 - First Election
 - Apportionments
 - Districts to which Huntingdon County has Belonged
 - Names of Representatives and Years of their Election
 - Hon. R. Milton Speer
 - Sketch of His Life
 
CHAPTER XXX. 217
 - President Judges
 - Appointments Previous to 1851
 - Elections in that Year and Subsequently
 - Hon. George Taylor
 - His Death
 - Proceedings at Meetings of Members of the Bar
 - Sketch of His Life
 - Associate Judges
 - Prosecuting Attorneys and District Attorneys
 
CHAPTER XXXI. 225
 - Senatorial Districts Fixed by Constitution of 1790
 - Septennial Apportionments and the Districts to which Huntingdon County has Belonged
 - Senators Elected Since 1790
 - Representatives in Legislature
 - Members Elected Since the Erection of the County.
 
CHAPTER XXXII. 229
 - Constitutional Conventions
 - 1776
 - Benjamin Elliott
 - 1790
 - Andrew Henderson M'Culloch and John M. Bailey
 
CHAPTER XXXIII. 232
 - County Officers
 - Sheriffs
 - Prothonotaries, Clerks of Courts of Common Pleas, etc.
 - Registers, Recorders, and Clerks of the Orphans' Court
 - County Treasurers
 - County Commissioners
 - Directors of the Poor
 - County Surveyors
 - Jury Commissioners
 
CHAPTER XXXIV. 238
 - Huntingdon
 - Old Deed of Conveyance
 - Incorporation as a Borough
 - Extensions of Borough Limits
 - Additions to the Plan of the Town
 - J. Edgar Thomson's Survey
 - Miller, Wharton and Anderson's Addition
 - Manufacturing Establishments
 - Planing Mill and Furniture Factory
 - Shoe Factory and Tannery
 - Car Works and Machine Shops
 - Broom and Brush Factory
 - Pilgrim Publication Building
 - Number of Buildings Erected
 - Census
 - Opening and Extension of Streets
 - Change in Street Nomenclature
 - Numbering of Buildings and Lots
 - Division of the Borough into Wards
 - Fire Department
 - Engine House
 - Gas
 - School Buildings and Schools
 - Churches and Pastors
 
CHAPTER XXXV. 262
 - Townships
 - Divisions and Sub-Divisions
 - Erected from Tyrone
 - From Huntingdon
 - From Barree
 - From Hopewell
 - From Shirley
 - From Dublin
 - Townships formed Since the Erection of the County, in the Order of Their Ages
 - Barree
 - Hopewell
 
CHAPTER XXXVI. 265
 - DUBLIN TOWNSHIP
   -
The Shadow of Death
   - Early Settlers
   - Alexander Blair
   - Manufactories
   - Development of Mineral Wealth
   - Shade Gap
   - Incorporation as a Borough
   - Churches, etc.
 
CHAPTER XXXVII. 272
 - SHIRLEY TOWNSHIP
   - Early Settlers
   - Mills
   - Stores
   - Drake's Ferry
   - Clintonville Santa Fee
  
- Mount Union
   - Iron Ores of the Southern Part of the County
   - Improvements in Mount Union and Vicinity
   - Jet d'Eau and Hotel des Invalides
   - Shirleysburg
 
CHAPTER XXXVIII. 279
 - FRANKLIN TOWNSHIP
   - Agricultural and Mineral Wealth
   - Iron Works
   - Post Offices
 - SPRINGFIELD TOWNSHIP
   - First Settlers
   - Their Character
   - Early Schools and Churches
   - Public Improvements
   - Causes that have Retarded the Development of the Resources of the Township
 
CHAPTER XXXIX. 283
 - UNION TOWNSHIP
   - Trough Creek, Smith's and Hare's Valleys
   - The Streams
   - The Tory Hare
   - Mapleton
 - MORRIS TOWNSHIP
   - Water Street
   - Spruce Creek or Graysport
   - Union Furnace
 
CHAPTER XL. 293
 - WEST TOWNSHIP
   - Shaver's Creek Valley
   - Anderson's Fort
   - Escape of Jane Maguire
   - Petersburg
 - WARRIOR'S MARK TOWNSHIP
   - Origin of the Name
   - Birmingham
   - Its Foundation, Growth and Decline
 
CHAPTER XLI 299
 - Tell
 - Henderson
 - Porter
 - Walker.
 
CHAPTER XLII. 302
 - CROMWELL TOWNSHIP
   - Indian Remains
   - George Irvin
   - Early Settlements
   - Furnaces
   - Their Improvements
   - Winchester
   - Rockhill Iron and Coal Company
   - Their Improvements
   - Starting of the New Furnace
   - The Clugage Family
   - Black Log
   - Orbisonia
 
CHAPTER XLIII. 314
 - TOD TOWNSHIP
   - Union
   - Trough Creek Valley
   - Cass
   - Salisbury
, or Chilcoatstown
   - Cassville
   -
Hon David Clarkson
 
CHAPTER XLIV. 319
 - JACKSON TOWNSHIP
   - Joseph Jackson
   - General William McAlevy
   - His Method of Immigration
   - McAlevy's Fort
   - Schools and Churches
   - Greenwood Furnace
   - Mitchell's Furnace
   - Stone Creek and McAlevy's Fort Railroad
 - CLAY TOWNSHIP
  
- Brady
   - Mill Creek
   -
Sand Quarries
 
CHAPTER XLV. 322
 - PENN TOWNSHIP
   -
Soil
   - Ores
   - Early Settlers
   - Villages
   - Marklesburg
   - Grantville
   - Grafton
   -
Religious Denominations
   - Reformed
   - Lutheran
   - Methodist Episcopal
   - German Baptist
   - Mennonite
   - Churches
   - Mills
   - Soldiers of the Union Army
 
CHAPTER XLVI. 333
 - ONEIDA TOWNSHIP
   -
Nathan Gorsuch
   - Jacob White
   - Other Early Settlers
   - Improvements and Productions
   - William Foster
   - Boat Building
 - JUNIATA TOWNSHIP
   -
Soil
   - Timber
 - CARBON TOWNSHIP
   -
Its Chief Industry
 - LINCOLN TOWNSHIP
   -
James Entriken
   - Coffee Run
 
CHAPTER XLVII. 338
 - Centennial Anniversary of American Independence
 - Observance of the Day
 - At Warrior's Mark
 - Birmingham
 - Dudley
 - Orbisonia
 - Mount Union
 - Huntingdon
 - Display of Flags and Decoration of Buildings
 - Procession
 - Oration by Dr. J. H. Wintrode
 - Balloon Ascension
 - Close of the Century
 


- ILLUSTRATIONS -

The Juniata Frontispiece
Jack's Narrows Facing pg 28
Cassville Seminary Facing pg 178
Hon. John Scott Facing pg 206
Spruce Creek Tunnel Facing pg 286
Below Mill Creek Facing pg 321

ERRATA.

Page 19, for Governeur Morris read Governor Morris.
" 21,    at beginning of last paragraph, for 1758 read 1748.
" 112,  for 1780 read 1785.
" 130,  line 16th from the bottom, for 1871 read 1873.
" 160,  for Peter Stryder read Peter Stryker.
" "       for David Auxandt read David Aurandt.
" "       for Hon. James Given read Hon. James Gwin.
" 190,  for Couser read Conser.
" 201,  for Henry Miller read Jacob Miller.
" 227,  for members of Assembly from 1817 to 1830, inclusive, see next page.

 

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