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PENNSYLVANIA GENEALOGY EXPRESS

A Part of Genealogy Express
 

Welcome to
State of Pennsylvania
History & Genealogy

Immigration of the Irish Quakers
into Pennsylvania

1682 - 1750
With Their Early History in Ireland
by
Alert Cook Myers, M. L.
Member of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania
"There is not one of the family but what likes the country very well and wod.  If we were in Ireland again come here Directly it being the best country
for working folk & tradesmen of any in the world, but for Dunkards and
Idles, they cannot live well any where"  - Letter of an Irish Quaker, 1725
The Author
Swarthmore, Pennsylvania
1902

  To
My Father and Mother
John T. and Sarah A. Myers
This Book is Gratefully Inscribed.
 
 

An Irish Quaker's Certificate of Removal to Pennsylvania, 1729

 
  PREFACE v - viii
  CONTENTS -  
     
 


PART I - THE PLANTING OF QUAKERISM IN IRELAND

3 - 37

CHAPTER I. -

THE RISE OF QUAKERISM IN ENGLAND

3 - 6
   - State of England in the Middle of the Seventeenth Century 3
   - Beginnings of Quakerism 3 - 6
       - George Fox 3 - 5
       - His Work and Followers 5 - 6
CHAPTER II. - THE CROMWELLIAN SETTLEMENT OF IRELAND 7 - 12
   - The Plantations 7 - 8
   - The Great Rebellion of 1641 8 - 9
   - Cromwell in Ireland 9 - 10
   - The Settlement 10 - 12
CHAPTER III. - THE BEGINNING OF QUAKERISM IN IRELAND 13 - 31
   - William Edmundson 13 - 16
       - In England 13 - 14
       - Settles in Ireland 15
       - Becomes a Quaker 15 - 16
   - The First Meeting in Ireland, 1854 16
   - The Travelling Ministers and their Work 15 - 26
       - The First Ministers Arrive 16
       - Ulster in 1655 16 - 19
       - Richard Clayton's Visit 17 - 18
       - Anne Gould and Juliann Wastwood 18 - 19
       - Edmundson Bears a Testimony Against Tithes 19
       - Leinster and Munster in 1655 19 - 25
       - Elizabeth Fletcher and Elizabeth Smith 19 - 20
       - Francis Howgill 20 - 24
       - Edward Burrough Banished 24
       - Cromwell's Cornet of Horse Becomes a Quaker 21
       - Howgill and Burrough Banished 24
       - Barbara Blaugden Arrives 24
   - The Restoration of Charles II, and the Organization of Quakerism 25 - 28
       - The Restoration 25
       - Persecutions 26
       - Edmundson Secures Release of Friends form Prison 26 - 27
       - Thomas Loe Converts William Penn, 1666 27
       - Organization 27 - 28
   - Troubles Under James II. and William III 28 - 31
       - Tyrconnel 28
       - Terror of Protestants 28
       - The Friends 28
       - The Revolution of 1689 29 - 30
       - After Battle of the Boyne 30
       - William Edmundson's Sufferings 30 - 31
       - Edmundson's Death 31
CHAPTER IV. - RACIAL ORIGIN OF THE FRIENDS OF IRELAND 32 - 37
   - The Celtic-Irish 32 - 35
   - The Scotch-Irish 35 - 36
   - The Anglo-Irish 36 - 37
 

PART II. - THE MIGRATION OF IRISH FRIENDS TO PENNSYLVANIA

41 - 100
CHAPTER I. - CAUSES OF EMIGRATION 41 - 49
   - Introductory 41 - 42
   - Religious Causes 43 - 46
       - Acts of Uniformity 43
       - Tithes and Other Ecclesiastical Dues 43
       - Oaths 44 - 45
       - Lawlessness of Irish Catholics 45 - 46
   - Economic Causes 46 - 49
       - Restriction on Manufacture and Commerce 46 - 47
       - High Rents 47 - 48
       - Failure of Crops and Famine 48 - 49
CHAPTER II. - INDUCEMENTS THAT LED THE IRISH FRIENDS TO IMMIGRATE INTO PENNSYLVANIA 50 - 80
   - William Penn and his Colony 50 - 52
       - His Charter 50 - 51
       - His Scheme of Colonization 51
       - Constitution and Laws 51
       - Growth of the Colony 52
   - Penn's Invitation 52 - 55
       - His Personal Influence 53 - 54
       - Descriptive Pamphlets 54
       - Activity of the Free Society of Traders 54 - 55
   - Favorable Reports Returned to Ireland 55 - 80
       - By the Traveling Ministers and Others 56
       - Ann Millcum's Certificate 56 - 57
       - Nicholas Newlin's Certificate 57 - 59
       - Ministers Traveling in Ireland Tell of Pennsylvania 59
       - Friends Return to Ireland for Short Visits 60
       - Favorable Reports by Letters 60 - 80
       - George Harlan's Letter, 1696 62 - 63
       - Thomas Hutton's Letters, 1726 - 1745 64 - 67
       - John Carpenter's Visit to Ireland, 1755 67 - 68
       - Robert Parke's Letter, 1725 69
       - The Parke Family Emigrate 69 - 70
   - Parke's Letter 70 - 79
       - False Reports 71
       - A Good Country for Working Folk 71
       - Purchase of Land 72
       - Cultivating the Land 72
       - Good Crops 73
       - Prices for Farm Products 73
       - Country Abounds in Fruit 74
       - Laborers' Wages 74
       - Climate 74
       - Dress 74
       - Markets and Fairs 74
       - What to Bring to Pennsylvania 76
       - How to Come 77
CHAPTER III. - PLACES IN IRELAND WHENCE THE FRIENDS CAME 81 - 82
   - Statistical Table 82
CHAPTER IV. - WAVES OF MIGRATION - FINISHED 83
   - First Wave, 1682 -1710 83
   -  Second Wave, 1710 - 1730 83
   - Third Wave, 1730 - 1750 83
CHAPTER V. - WAYS AND MEANS OF MIGRATION 84 - 102
   - The Certificate of Removal 84 - 89
       - Certificate of Joshua Marsh 85 - 89
   - Obstructions to Emigration 89 - 92
   - Dangers of Voyage 92 - 93
   - Robert Parke's Diary of a Voyage from Ireland, 1728 93 - 94
   - A Favorite Vessel 94 - 95
   - Immigrants Assisted by Meetings 95 - 98
       - Emigrants Assisted by Meetings in Ireland 98
   - Cost of Passage 98 - 99
   - Redemptioners 99 - 102
       - Robert Turner's Redemptioners 101 - 102
       - James Logan's Runaway Servant 102
 


PART II. - THE IRISH FRIENDS IN PENNSYLVANIA

105 - 127
CHAPTER I. - PLACES OF SETTLEMENT 105 - 185
   - Distribution of the Irish Friends 105 - 106
       - Statistical Table 106
   - Philadelphia 107 - 109
       - First Meeting at Shackamaxon 107
       - Bank Meeting House 107
       - Center Square Meeting House 108
       - Great Meeting House 108
   - Bucks County 109
   - Montgomery County 109
   - Berks County 109 - 110
   - Delaware County 110 - 118
   - Chester Monthly Meeting 110 - 116
       - First Meeting in Pennsylvnaia at Updated, 1675 110 - 111
       - Arrival of William Penn, 1682 111 - 113
       - Irish Friends on Board the Welcome 111
       - First Meeting House at Cheser, 1693 113
       - Monthly Meeting Established, 1681 113 - 115
   - Concord Monthly Meeting 116 - 118
       - Chichester Meeting 116
       - Concord Meeting 116 - 117
       - Birmingham Meeting 117
       - The Monthly Meeting Established, 1684 117 - 118
   - Meetings in New Castle County on Delaware 118 - 124
       - Newark Meeting 118 - 120
       - New Castle Meeting 120 - 121
       - Hockessin Meeting 121
       - Wilmington Meeting 121 - 122
       - Center Meeting 122 - 124
   - Chester County 124 - 159
   - Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting 125 - 130
       - Kennett Meeting 126
   - Manor of Steyning or Letitia's Manor 127 - 128
   - Kennett Township 128 - 130
   - New Garden Township 130 - 136
   - New Garden Meeting 136 - 138
   - New Garden Monthly Meeting, Erected 1718 138 - 139
   - London Grove Township 139 - 143
       - London Company 139 - 141
   - London Grove Meeting 143
   - Marlborough Township 143 - 147
       - Joseph Pennock 144 - 145
       - Joseph Pennock's Letter, 1725 145 - 146
   - Newlin Township Owned by an Irish Quaker 147 - 150
       - Newlin's Difficulty with the Indians 147 - 149
   - Pikeland Township Granted to Joseph Pike, an Irish Friend, of Cork 150 - 152
   - The Great Valley 152 - 154
       - Caln Meeting 152 - 153
       - East Caln Township 153 - 154
   - Coatesville Named for an Irish Quaker 154
   - Phoenixville First Settled by Irish Quakers 154 - 155
   - East Nantmeal Township 153 - 156
   - Nottingham 156 - 159
   - Lancaster County 159 - 162
       - Sadsbury Meeting 161
       - Leacock, Meeting 161 - 162
   - Sadsbury Monthly Meeting 162
   - York and Adams Counties 162 - 177
   - Newberry Meeting 163 - 167
   - Warrington Meeting 168 - 172
   - Huntington Meeting 172 - 173
   - Menallen Meeting 173 - 176
   - York Meeting 176 - 177
   - Expansion of Pennsylvania Quakerism 177 - 185
       - Southward 177 - 179
       - Westward 180 - 185
CHAPTER II. - SOCIAL LIFE OF THE IRISH FRIENDS 186 - 236
   - Introductory  
       - Irish Friends Well Adapted for Pioneer Life 186 - 187
       - Mostly of English Stock but Modified by Irish Envoronment 187 - 188
   - The Arrival 188
       - Hospitality of Old Settlers 188
       - Small Capital of Immigrants 188
       - Household Goods Brought from Ireland 188
       - Temporary Home Near Land Place 188
   - The Settlement 188 - 190
       - Selection of Land Affected by Ties of Kin and Friendship 188 - 189
       - Journey to New Home 189 - 190
       - Clearing the land 190
   - House Building 190 - 193
       - The Clapboard House 190 - 192
       - The Log House 192 - 193
   - Equipment of House and Farm 193 - 202
       - The Hearth 193
       - Inventories 195 - 204
       - John Lowden's Goods, 1714 195 - 196
       - John Miller's Inventory 196 - 197
       - A New Garden Dinner Table, 1714 197 - 198
       - Outfit a Farm 198
       - John Fred's Inventory, 1720 198 - 199
       - The Warming-pan 199
       - Redemptioners 199
       - James Lindley's Estate, 1726 200 - 201
       - The "Grandfather" Clock 201
       - George McMillan's Clock 201 - 202
   - Dress 202 - 205
   - Work on the Farm 205 - 206
   - Markets and Fairs 206 - 207
   - Wild Animals 207 - 208
       - A Bear Story  
   - Social Intercourse 208 - 222
       - Weddings 209 - 215
       - The Marriage Certificate 210 - 211
       - Courtship 215 - 216
       - Funerals 216 - 207
       - Physicians' Charges 217
       - Meetings for Worship 217 - 220
       - Business Meetings 220 - 222
       - Quarterly Meetings 220 - 221
       - Yearly Meeting 221
       - Monthly Meeting 221 - 222
   - Meeting Discipline 222 - 233
       - Card-playing and Dancing 222 - 223
       - Drinking 223 - 227
       - Disorderly Conduct 227 - 228
       - Care of Indented Servants 228
       - Case of Lowden versus Smith 228 - 231
       - Military Service 231 - 233
       - Revolutionary Taxes and Fines 233
       - George McMillan's Fines 233 - 235
   - Schools and Books 235 - 236
CHAPTER III. - SOME PROMINENT IRISH FRIENDS 237 - 276
   - James Logan 237 - 247
       - His Autobiography 238 - 240
       - Ancestry 238
       - Education and Apprenticeship 238
       - Family Flees to Scotland, 1689 238
       - His Father Teaches Friends' School at Bristol 238 - 239
       - His Father Returns to Ireland and Leaves Him in Charge of School, 1693 239
       - Studies Mathematics and the Languages 239
       - Engages in Shipping, 1697 240
       - Becomes Penn's Secretary, 1699 240
       - Comes to Pennsylvania 240
       - Public Life 240 - 243
       - Governor of Pennsylvania 241
       - Leader of Proprietary Party 241 - 242
       - Relations with the Indians 242 - 243
       - Literary Pursuits 243 - 245
       - Personal Appearance 245
       - Unsuccessful Courtship 245 - 247
       - Marriage 247
       - Death 247
   - Thomas Holme 247 - 256
       - In Ireland 248 - 252
       - Commissioned Surveyor - General of Pennsylvania 251 - 252
       - Sails for the Province 252 - 253
       - Lays out Philadelphia 253 - 254
       - Holme's Map of Pennsylvania 254
       - Work of the Surveyor-General 254 -255
       - Member of the Provincial Council 255
       - Acts as Governor of the Province 256
       - Places of Residence 256
   - Robert Turner 257 - 262
   - Thomas Griffitts 262 - 263
   - Robert Strettell 263 - 267
   - William Stockdale 267 - 271
   - Nicholas Newlin 271 - 273
   - Nathaniel Newlin 273
   - Lydia Darragh 273 - 274
   - Contribution of the Irish Quakers 274 - 276
  APPENDIX 277 - 433
  BIBLIOGRAPHY 434 - 444
  INDEX 445
     
 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

 
  An Irish Quaker's Certificate of Removal to Pennsylvania, 1729 Frontispiece
       Brought to Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting, Chester County, by the bearer, Olivia McCool.  From original MS. in collection of Gilbert Cope, of West Chester, Pennsylvania  
  Autograph Initials of George Fox
     In text.
3
  George Fox
     From original painting by Sir Peter Lely, in Friends' Historical Library of Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania
4
  Fox's Grave in Bunhill Fields, London 4
  Autograph of William Edmundson
     In text.
13
  Lurgan Friends' Meeting House, Ireland, Built 1696, Taken Down 1889 16
  Autograph of Francis Howgill
     In text.
20
  Autograph of Edward Burrough
     In text.
21
  Swarthmore Hall
     In text.  Plate by courtesy of Professor John Russell Hayes, of Swarthmore College, author of Swarthmore Idylls.
23
  William Penn:  Armour Portrait
     From original painting in the collection of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania
27
  Grange Meeting House, near Charlemont, County Armagh, Ireland, Built About 1750
     The regular Friends' meetings are no longer held in this building but in a modern meeting house near by.  In early days this meeting was called Grange near Charlemont, but now it is known as Grange near Moy, or Dungannon, County Tyrone.
     By deed of September 9, 1755, Lord Charlemont leased the burial ground and meeting-house land near Charlemont to William Greeves and T. Greer, evidently in trust for the Society of Friends.
36
  Autograph of Thomas Holme
     In text.
44
  Samuel Stalliard's Certificate of Removal From Ireland to Pennsylvania, 1749
     Brought to Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting, Chester County.  From original MS. in collection of Gilbert Cope, of West Chester, Pennsylvania.
44
  William Penn:  Bevan Carving
     After engraving by John Hall, London, 1773, of the drawing (1770) by Du Simitiere, of the ivory bust in alto relievo (from memory), by Sylvanus Bevan.
50
  Autograph of Robert Turner
     In Text.
55
  Autograph of Nicholas Newlin
     In Text.
57
  Thomas Penn, Son of William Penn and Governor of Pennsylvania.
     From the painting in the collection of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.  Copy of the original, by Peter Van Dyck, 1750, in the possession of the Earl of Ranfurly at Dungannon Park, County Tyrone, Ireland.
58
  Autographs of Henry Hollingsworth and Thomas Lightfoot.
     In text.
60
  Autograph of Valentine Hollingsworth
     In text.
62
  Autograph of George Harlan
     In text.
63
  Autograph of Thomas Hutton
     In text.
65
  Autographs of Robert and Thomas Park
     In text.
69
  Certificate of Removal Brought to Pennsylvania by George Marsh, an Irish Friend, in 1728
     Received by Newark or Kennett Monthly Meeting, Chester County, 7 Mo. 6, 1729.  Original in collection of Gilbert Cope, of West Chester, Pennsylvania
84
  Autograph of Joshua Marsh
     In text.
87
  Thomas Fairman's Mansion and Penn Treaty Elm, at Shackamaxon, now Kensington, Philadelphia 106
  Bank Meeting House, Philadelphia, 1685 - 1789 106
  Great Meeting House and Old Court House, Philadelphia, Compiler of The Morris Family of Philadelphia 105
  Penn Memorial Stone at Chester, Marking Landing Place of William Penn, 1682
     In text
112
  First Meeting House of Friends at Chester, Built 1693
     In text
114
  Birmingham Meeting House, Chester County, Built 1763
     Used as a hospital, Battle of Brandywine, 1777
117
  Autograph of Alphonsus Kirk
     In text
112
  Center Meeting House, New Castle County, Delaware, Built 1795 122
  Autograph of Christopher Wilson
     In text
124
  Autograph of Thomas Carleton
     In text.
126
  Kennett Meeting House, Near Hamorton, Chester County, Built 1710, Enlarged 1719 and 1731 126
  Autograph of Gayen Miller
     In text
128
  Map of New Garden Township, Chester County, From an Old Draught
     In text
134
  Autograph of Thomas Milhous
     In text
134
  Autograph of Simon Hadly
     In text
135
  New Garden Meeting House, Chester County, South End Built 1743, North End 1790
     From photograph, 1901
136
  New Garden Meeting House, Chester County
     From a drawing by Ellwood Michener, 1850.
     In text.
138
  Autograph of John Allen
     In text
141
  London Grove Meeting House, Chester County
     Built probably 1743 and enlarged 775 and 1818
142
  Autograph of Nathaniel Newlin
     In text
147
  Map of Newlin Township, Chester County, 1730
     In text.
149
  Uwchlan Meeting House, Chester County, Built 1756
     In text.
157
  Sadsbury Meeting House, Lancaster County, East View With Burial Ground
     Plate by courtesy of John A. M. Passmore, Ph. D., compiler of Andrew Moore and His Descendants
161
  Warrington Friends' Meeting House, Near Wellsville, York County, 1901
     Showing south end, built 1769.  North end, built 1782
168
  Autograph of George McMillan
     In text
201
  Grace Church Street Friends' Meeting London, About 1750. 202
  Burlington Meeting House, New Jersey, 1683 - 1787 202
  Abington Friends' Meeting House, Built 1698, East End Added 1756 and West End, 1757
     From drawing made y Robert Sutcliff, an English Friend, in 1806, and reproduced at page 265 in his Travels in Some Parts of North America, published at York, England, in 1811.  See The Early History of Abington Meeting House, a small pamphlet, by William J. Buck, the local historian, of Jenkintown, Pennsylvania (since deceased), published in 1899.  Plate by courtesy of his heirs.
218
  James Logan, the Irish Quaker Governor of Pennsylvania. 237
  Autograph of James Logan
     In text.
237
  Stenton, Home of James Logan, Near Germantown, Philadelphia, Built 1728
     Plate by courtesy of Messrs. George W. Jacobs and Company, of Philadelphia, publishers of Conrad Weiser and the Indian Policy of Colonial Pennsylvania, by Joseph S. Walton, Ph. D.
242
  Friends' Meeting and Academy, Fourth Street, Below Chestnut, Philadelphia, 1789 254
  Cherry Street Meeting House, Philadelphia 254
  Old View of Merion Meeting House, Montgomery County, Built 1695 262
  Middletown Meeting House, Delaware County, Built About 1770 272
  Springfield Meeting House, Delaware County, Built 1738, Taken Down 1850
     From a drawing by John Sartain, 1837
272


 

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