ILLINOIS GENEALOGY EXPRESS


A Part of Genealogy Express
 

Vermilion County, Illinois


 

HISTORY OF VERMILION COUNTY, ILLINOIS
By Lottie E. Jones, Publ. - Chicago - Pioneer Publishing Company - 1911

 

CONTENTS:

CHAPTER I. - HOW THIS SECTION BECAME KNOWN TO THE CIVILIZED WORLD Page 5
     Vermilion County has been in existence less than one Hundred years - By what names the County was known before this time - Where find early history of any section east of the Alleghany Mountains - Colonies of Great Britain, Holland, and Spain, where located - What Nation discovered the Mississippi Valley - Exploring expedition of Joilet and Marquette - LaSalle discovers the Wabash Valley - Vermilion County a part of New France....  
CHAPTER II. - THE ORIGINAL PROPRIETORS OF WHAT IS NOW KNOWN AS VERMILION COUNTY, ILLINOIS Page 12
The American Indian - The two Great Nations East of the Mississippi River - Origin of the Iroquois - The Algonquins the Friend of the French - The Iroquois the Friend of the British - The Miami Confederacy - The Illini nearly related to the Miamis - The Plankeshaws a Tribe of the Miami Confederacy - The Habits of the Miamis - The Plankeshaws along the Wabash River - The Kickapoos - Their Villages in this section - The Peace Medal - The Kickapoo Treaties - The Pottowatomies the Last to Leave this Territory - The Removal of the Pottowatomies in 1838 - The passing of the Indian  
CHAPTER III. - PIANKESHAW Page 24
     Danville was built on the site of the Old Indian Village of Plankeshaw - Plankeshaw an important Indian Village - Chippecoke, The Capital seat of the Plankeshaw - Origin of the name of the Vermilion River - Extract from the Journal of George Croghan - n Entry in M. Gamelin's Journal, locating the Village of Plankeshaw - Pottowatomies told Gurdon Hubbard about Plankeshaw - Life of the Dwellers in Plankeshaw - Manners and Customs of the Race who first lived in Danville - French Traders in Vermilion County ...............  
CHAPTER IV.  GOVERNMENT OF THIS SECTION PRIOR TO 1819. Page 32
     History of Vermilion County Antedates its Organization - First Government, that of France - The Provinces of Canada - of Louisiana; Where was the dividing line? - The seats of Government for Dwellers in what is now Vemrilion County - A Part of the British Domain - The Illinois County of Virginia - Seat of Governent at Kaskaskia- The Northwest Territory; Seat of Government, Mariette, Ohio - Indiana Territory; Seat of Government, Vincennes - Illinois Territory; Seat of Government, Kaskaskia - The Commonwealth of Illinois - Vermilion County a part of six different counties, with as many seats of government.  
CHAPTER V. - EXPLORING THE VERMILION RIVER FOR SALT. Page 36
     Indian Treaties determine the exploration of the Vermilion River for Salt - Salt the demand of the early 19th century - Joseph Barron's knowledge of the Salt Springs on the Vermilion - The North Arm Prairie the nearest inhabited spot - Supposed Route of the First Exploring party - Known Route of Second Exploring Party ...  
CHAPTER VI. - THE VERMILION SALINES. Page 40
     Salt was anxiously sought by Early Explorers - The Salines of Southern Illinois - Supposed to have been worked by the Prehistoric People - Joseph Barron, for many years Governor Harrison's Interpreter, visited teh Vermilion Salines in 1801 - Again at the same place in 1819 with a party to explore it to afterward work at the Springs - Second Expedition to the Springs organized without knowledge of Barron - Little evidence of any previous attempt to work the Springs to profit - Blackman took lease on his own name - Differences among conflicting claimants settled in 1822 - John W. Vance leased the Salines in 1824, and worked them to profit - Evidences of early use of Salines ...  
CHAPTER VII. - UNITED STATES LAND SURVEYS. Page 49
     Plan of Survey of the extensive territories of the United States - The "Harrison Purchase" - The Later Survey  
CHAPTER VIII. - EARLY MILITARY INVASION OF VERMILION COUNTY. Page 53
     Invasion by Spanish Troops - Object of this March across the State of Illinois - Evidence of this company of Soldiers crossing Vermilion County - Illinois Rangers - The Command under Gen. Samuel Hopkins - Gen. Hopkins' Army a Band of undisciplined men - Regiment, a Mob on Retreat - Cannon Ball found in bluff of Middle Fork River - What does it prove?  
CHAPTER IX. - FIRST SETTLEMENTS. Page 57
     The First Settlement was made at the Salt Springs - The next were made at Butler's Point and Johnson's Point - Brook's Point - Morgan's - The M'Donald Neighborhood - Yankee Point and Quaker Point - The Little Vermilion - Vermilion and Elwood - Walker's Point - Danville; When Settled - The LeNeve Settlement - Settlements on the Middle Fork of the Big Vermilion - Motives for Settlements - Direction whence Settlers Came ...  
CHAPTER X. - TRAILS AND EARLY ROADS Page 63
     Origin of the Modern Road - First the Buffalo, then the Indian, then the Pack-Horse - The Danville & Fort Clark Road - The Ottawa Road - Hubbard's Trace.  
CHAPTER XI. - PIONEER LIFE IN VERMILION COUNTY. Page 66
     Food - Shelter - Clothing - Early Conditions and Customs - Means of Travel - Sickness - Provincialisms  
CHAPTER XII. - THE ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF VERMILION COUNTY Page 75
     County Organization in Illinois dates back to 1779 - The County of Illinois - St. Clair and Randolph as Counties of the Northwest Territory - Knox County - Knox and St. Clair Counties - Madison County - Edwards County - Crawford County - Clark County - Edgar County - Vermilion County - Reduced to Present Limits - Belongs to Second Class - Government of the County - Township Organization; when Effected - Origin of Name of Vermilion County  
CHAPTER XIII. - PHYSICAL FEATURES OF VERMILION COUNTY Page 80
     Topography - Drainage - Relief - Prairies - Ridges - Valleys - Geology - Rocks Seldom appear at surface - Coal Beds - Moraines - Vermilion County belongs to the Illinois Glacial Lobe - The Champaign Moraines - Oil Well Dug at Danville Water-Works - Well Dug for same purpose at Danville Junction - Altitude - Extreme Weather Experienced.  
CHAPTER XIV. - EARLY GROWTH. Page 87
     The First Commissioners' Court at the Residence of James Butler - Amos Williams appointed clerk - At the Second Meeting the County was divided into two townships - First Grand Jury - William Reed appointed assessor - At Next Session certain property was taxed - Commissioners appointed to locate county seat - Provisions of the Act Establishing Vermilion County - Location of the County Seat of the Salt Works - Major Vance refused to give up lease - New Commissioners appointed to locate county seat - Denmark desirous of its location there - Guy W. Smith and Dan Beckwith give land at mouth of North Fork of the Vermilion River - Present location selected - Lots sold April 10, 1827 - Name of the new town - First public building the stray pound - First Court House - New Court House begun in 1832 - Navigation of the Big Vermilion River - Rafts and Flat-Boats carried produce down the Vermilion River - Condition of Danville as late as 1836 - Denmark - Northeast part of the county - The Ferry across the Big Vermilion - Produce hauled to Chicago - Community of Friends - Growth of different settlements.  
CHAPTER XV. - SOME OF THE MAKERS OF VERMILION COUNTY. Page 98
     Seymour Treat - Dan Beckwith - Francis Whitcomb - 1820 - Henry Johnson - James D. Butler - Henry Johnson - 1821 - Absolom Starr - Jotham Lyons - John Jordon - William Swank - John Myers - Henry Canaday - Benjamin Brooks - Thomas O'Neal - John Haworth - Achilles Morgan - Henry Martin - 1822 - Robert Cotton - Steven Dukes - Asa Elliott - John Mills - Alexander McDonald - I. R. Moores - 1823 - John Le Neve - William M'Dowell - 1824 - Aaron Mendenhall - Cyrus Douglass - Robert Dickson, John Snider - Dr. Asa Palmer - Hezekiah Cunningham - Eli Henderson - 1825 - Amos Williams - Levi B. Babb - 1826 - William Watson, Michael Weaver - Abel Williams - Samuel Gilbert and Sons - Samuel Baum - John Larrance - William Current - Andrew Patterson - Samuel Copeland - Larkin Cook - Andrew Juvinall - Samuel Scone - William Jones - William Wright - James Graves - James Barnett - John Chandler - Absolom Collison - Joseph Smith - Samuel Campbell - Otho Allison - James Donovan - William Bandy - James Smith - William Blakeney - Charles S. Young, Charles Caraway - Latham Folger - William Cunningham - William Current - James Elliott - John D. G. Cline - John Johns - John Cox - Ephrim Acree - Adam Pate  
CHAPTER XVI.  INDIAN WARS AS AFFECTING THIS SECTION. Page 139
     Indians did not annoy early settlers - Passing of the Indian to the North and Northwest - Habitat of the Winnebagoes - Indignities on the Winnebagoes by the White Men - The Cause of the Winnebago War - Gurdon Hubbard's Narrative of the Winnebago War - Hezekiah Cunningham's Narrative of the Winnebago War 0 The Black Hawk War - The Pottawatomies did not contemplate the Capture of Fort Dearborn in 1832 - Part taken by the Citizens of Vermilion County in the Black Hawk War - Colonel Payne's Block House  
CHAPTER XVII. - THE THIRTIES IN VERMILION COUNTY. Page 148
The Permanent Court House - William Millikans' Carding Mill built - First Log Meeting House built - Opening of a road from Fort Clark - Newcomers to Vermilion County in 1830 - Revival in the interests of Mormanism - Land Office - Congress Petitioned to Grant strip of land between Chicago and Vincennes for railroad - Newcomers to Vermilion County in 1831 - Pennsylvania House built - First Newspaper started in Vermilion County - Goshen Baptist Church organized - Postal Route established from Chicago to Vincennes - Newcomers to Vermilion County in 1832 - Brady Branch Corncracker - Newcomers in 1835 - Kirkpatrick's Mill on Stony Creek - Kyger's MIll built - State Bank Chartered - Newcomers in 1836 - Amos William's Mill - Sawmill - First Steam Sawmill - R. R. Graded through Vance Township - Postal Route from Danville to Springfield via Decatur - Postal Route from Danville to Ottawa - Postal Route from Indianapolis to Danville - Newcomers in 18357 - Grading Roadbed from Champaign County East - Shepered's Ill - Vermilion Rapids Platted - Newcomers in 1838 - Sawmill Northwest of Alvan - Newtown laid out - Christman Mill - Newcomers of 1839.  
CHAPTER XVIII. - MEN AND EVENTS FROM 1840 TO 1860 IN VERMILION COUNTY. Page 172
     New comers in 1840 - Rev. Ashmore's Work - O. L. Davis came to Vermilion County in 1841 - Henson Vinson - New Comers in 1842 and 1843 - John L. Tincher - Dr. Samuel Humphrey - New Comers in 1844 and 1845 - William I. Allen - Samuel H. Vredenurgh, M. D. - Olive Branch Lodge organized - First Brass Band -New Comers in 1846 and 1847 - New Comers in 1848 and 1849 - Danville Seminary incorporated in 1850 - Chas. Wolvreton - Odd Fellows' Charter - Higginsville Post-Office Established - Vermilion County Agricultural and Mechanical Association - Union Seminary Organized - New Comers of 1850, '51 and '52 Vermilion County Agricultural Society - Thos. Hoopes - J. G. English - New Comers in 1853, '54 and '55 - New City Charter for Danville - Newell Horse Company - H. M. Kimball - A. C. Daniel - Raymond W. Hanford - Chas W. Keesler - James Knight - John Beard - A. H. Kimbrough, M. D. - New County voted down - New Comers in 1845, '57' and '58 - Farmers and Mechanics Institute - Vote on Forming Ford County - New Comers - John Sidell.  
 CHAPTER XIX. - VERMILION COUNTY DURING THE CIVIL WAR. Page 197
     Public Sentiment in 1860 - Volunteers to the service - Regiment formed from Vermilion County men wholly or in part. - What the Women did - Newcomers from 1860 to 1864 - Riots in Danville during this time.  
CHAPTER XX. - AFTER THE WAR. Page 218
     Conditions following the Civil War - New comers in the decade immediately after the close of the war - Building of Towns and Cities progress in the Northern part of the county - Development of Natural Resources.  
CHAPTER XXI. - SOME ELDERS SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF VERMILION COUNTY Page 228
     James O'Neal claims to be first white child of White Children - Mrs. Elizabeth (McDonald) Harmon, one of the first white children born in Vermilion County - James O'Neal, born in 1822 - Mary (Cox) Patterson, born in 1823 - William P. Swank, born in 1824 - Perry O'Neal, born in 1825 - James H. Stevens, born in 1826 - D. B. Douglass and Rhoda M. Hester, born in 1827 - Abner Snow, S. P. LeNee and Andrew Gundy, born in 1828 - Sons and Daughters of 1829 - of 1830 - of 1831 - of 1832 - of 1833 - of 1834 - of 1835 - of 1836 - of 1837 - of 1838 - Henry Fletcher and Lizzie (Love) Painter, born in 1839 - Sons and Daughters of 1840 - of 1841 - of 1842 - of 1843 - of 1844 - of 1845 - of 1846 - of 1847 - of 1848 - of 1849.  
CHAPTER XXII. - AGRICULTURAL INTERESTS. Page 260
     Cattle Raising - Horse Breeding - Swine - Fruit growing - Corn production - Sheep Industry.  
CHAPTER XXIII. - FAMOUS FARMS. Page 275
     Pilot Grove Farm - Fairview - The Mann Farms - The Allerton Farm  
CHAPTER XXIV. - EARLY MILLS AND MILLING. Page 284
     First Corncracker Mill was made by James Butler in 1823 - The Gilberts Mill, built in 1828 at Danville - Mill on the Salt Fork, 1826 - Shepherd's Mill - Brazelton's Mill - Whitesill's and Howard's Mills on the Middle Fork - The Higginsville Mill - Kirkpatrick's Mill - The Old Kyger Mill - Amos William's Mill - The Hale - Galushu Sawmill - Steam Sawmill at Danville - The Wright - Cook Ford Sawmill - The Haworth Mill - The Menely Mill - The Myersville Mill - The Mill at Alvin - The James George Mill at Middle Fork - The Jenkin's mill on the Vermilion - The old Woolen Mill - The steam mill at Georgetown built in 1850 - The Amber Mill - Doughterty Mill at Fairmount - The Wood's Mill on the North Fork - The Lustro Mill at Danville - The Danville Mill - The Garland Steam Stone Sawmill.  
CHAPTER XXV. - MANUFACTURING INTERESTS. Page 297
CHAPTER XXVI. - EARLY MERCHANTS. Page 300
CHAPTER XXVII. - FIRST BANKS AND BANKING INTERESTS Page 305
CHAPTER XXVIII. - BUILDING ASSOCIATIONS. Page 307
CHAPTER XXIX. - THE PROFESSION OF MEDICINE IN VERMILION COUNTY. Page 309
CHAPTER XXX. - THE BENCH AND BAR - THE FEDERAL COURT Page 315
CHAPTER XXXI. - SCHOOLS AND EDUCATION. Page 326
     First School in the County - Hiram Tincnor's School - School in Newell Township - How a School was established - Elisha Hobbs - Vermilion Seminary - One of the First Schools in Danville - The Danville Academy - The Georgetown Seminary - The Danville Seminary - The Union Seminary - Seminaries give place to the Public School - Schools in Oakwood Township - Schools in Pilot Township - School at Denmark - The Lamb School - The Cunningham School - Early Schools in Danville - Amos Williams builds a school house - James Davis - Mrs. Cromwell - The Public Schools in Vermilion County - Private Schools.  
CHAPTER XXXII. - THE DANVILLE PUBLIC LIBRARY. Page 338
     Date of Organization - Officers and board of Directores - The Culbertson Library - Rev. James W. Coe, First Librarian - Locations - Building - Circulation - Classified Contents in 1910.  
CHAPTER XXXIII. - CHURCHES AND MINISTERS OF VERMILION COUNTY. Page 342
     The Presbyterian Church - The Cumberland Presbyterian Church - The United Presbyterian Church - The Methodist Church - The Baptist Church - The Church of Christ - The Christian Church - The Episcopal Church - The United Brethren Church - The German United Brethren - The German Lutheran - The German Methodist Episcopal Church - The Roman Catholic Church - The Society of Friends - The Other Churches - The Mormons - The Christian Scientists.  
CHAPTER XXXIV. - THE VERMILION COUNTY PRESS Page 359
CHAPTER XXXV. - TRANSPORTATION IN VERMILION COUNTY Page 361
CHAPTER XXXVI. - THE POSTOFFICE IN DANVILLE Page 367
CHAPTER XXXVII - THE NATIONAL HOME FOR DISABLED VOLUNTEER SOLDIERS Page 369
CHAPTER XXXVIII. - THE G. A. R.  - FINISHED Page 371
CHAPTER XXXIX. - THE WOMAN'S CLUBS IN DANVILLE Page 372
CHAPTER XL. - THE D. A. R. Page 374
CHAPTER XLI. - COAL AND COAL MINES Page 375
CHAPTER XLII. - ABANDONED TOWNS OF VERMILION COUNTY Page 378
CHAPTER XLIII. - A FEW OLD BURYING GROUNDS.  - FINISHED Page 382
     The Mt. Pisgah Burying Ground n- The Dalbey Burying Ground - The Vermilion Grove Burying Ground - The Gundy Burying Ground.  
CHAPTER XLIV. - HEROES AND DISTINGUISHED PEOPLE. Page 389
     J. G. Cannon - W. J. Calhoun - J. W. Wilkin - Mrs. Mary Hartwell Catherwood - Hiram W. Beckwith - Gurdon Hubbard - Samuel M'Roberts - Rev. James Ashmore - Harvey Sowdowsky - Rt. Rev. Vicar Genearl O'Riley - Col. O. F. Harmon - J. C. Davis - Michael Kelley  
CHAPTER XLV. - TOWNSHIPS OF VERMILION COUNTY. PAGE 392
     First Division of the County - Precincts Under Commissioners' System - Township Organization - Changes in Boundaries
- DANVILLE TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - - - 393 - FINISHED
- GEORGETOWN TOWNSHIP - - - - - - 394 - FINISHED
- ELWOOD TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - - - - 395 - FINISHED
- CARROLL TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - - - - 402  - Not started
- VANCE TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - - - - - - 404  - FINISHED
- MIDDLEFORK TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - 406 - Not started
- PILOT TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 409 - Not started
- ROSS TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 411 - Not started
- NEWELL TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - - - - - 413 - Not started
- BLOUNT TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - - - - - 415 - Not started
- CATLIN TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - - - - - 416  - Not started
- GRANT TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - - - - - 418 - FINISHED
- BUTLER TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - - - - - 422  - Not started
- OAKWOOD TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - - - 434  - FINISHED
- SIDELL TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - - - - - - 435 - Not started
- JAMAICA TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - - - - 436 - FINISHED
- LOVE TOWNSHIP - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 436 -  FINISHED

 

 

PORTRAITS

 
Adams, Samuel 114
Allen, William L. 160
Allhands, Francis M. 168
Boggess, John 134
Canaday, Ann, Mrs. 106
Canaday, Frederic 106
Catlett, Herald 194
Collison, F. A. 246
Cunningham, Hezekiah 110
   
   
Dale, John W. 194
Dickson, John, Mrs. 114
Chesley, Robert 168
Couglass, T. W. 168
Duncan, Darious 168
Elliott, John 106
Elliott, Sarah M. 106
Fairchild, F. M. 246
Fairchild, Harrison 246
Fairchild, H., Mrs. 246
Finley, Watts 164
Forbes, Thomas C. 160
Frazier, Abner 164
Frazier, Samuel 160
Gilbert, Solomon 160
Goodwine, J. W., Sr. 172
Harris, H. W. 194
Holoday, William & Elizabeth 116
Hoopes, Thomas 194
Hubbard, Noah E. 186
Hubbard, Noah E., Mrs. 186
Ingle, George W. 172
Johns, John 134
Johns, John, Mrs. 134
Kester, Henry B. 186
Kester, Henry B., Mrs. 186
   
Le Neve, John 114
Le Neve, Rebecca (Newell) 114
Le Neve, S. P.  
Lenoer, Samuel 68
Leverich, John G. 164
McDonald, Katherine (Alexander) 110
Mead, Levi 134
Meade, William 168
Mendenhall, Richard & Louisa 116
Miller, James 194
Mozier, A. H. 194
Palmer, Levin T. 160
Phillips, James H. 190
Price, W. H. 164
Prather, George W. 246
   

 

Reilly, Luke 172
Rouse, Edward 164
Sandusky, Josiah 246
Stearns, Seneca 168
Thompson, L. M. 164
Voorhees, Peter 172
Webster, W. H., Rev. 172
Williams, John 186
Williams, Thomas 186
   
   
MORE TO COME  

 

 
ILLUSTRATIONS:  
The Boggess House in Early Times 60
Group of old Settlers taken at Old Settlers Picnic in Long Grove, in August, 1897. 72
Bridge Across the Vermilion River Near Danville Highest Bridge in Illinois 82
First Store Building in Danville 90
Palmer National Bank Built on site of First Store 90
Home of Enos Campbell 120
Sword Carried by Dan Beckwith in the Black Haw War 128
Barker House built in 1830 150
William Bandy House on East North Street 150
Old Lincoln Hall 178
Thomas Forbes Property built in 1850, on North & Walnut Streets 178
Property of William Giddings on South Hazel Street 178
Harmon property on E. Main St., Built in 1850 178
The Enoch Kingsbury Home on South Walnut Street 178
In Use as a Business house since it was built in 1850 178
Old Red Bridge over the Vermilion River 182
MORE TO COME  
   
 
   

 

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