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Welcome to
Black
History & Genealogy

The
BLACK PHALANX;

A History of the

NEGRO SOLDIERS OF THE UNITED STATES
in the Wars of
1775-1812, 1861-'65,
By
Joseph T. Wilson
Late of the 2nd Reg't. La. Native Guard Vols. 54th Mass. Vols.
Aide-De-camp to the Commander-In-Chief G. A. R.
Author of
"Emancipation," "Voice of a New Race,"  "Twenty-Two Years of Freedom," etc., etc.
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56 Illustrations
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Hartford, Conn.:
American Publishing Company
1890
 

PART I.
THE WARS FOR INDEPENDENCE.

 
CHAPTER I. - THE WAR OF 1775 21
 - The Sentiments of the Colonists
 - The Agreement of 1774
 - The Resolutions of Ga.
 - The Virginians Boycotting a Slaver
 - Tories Opposed to a Negro Army
 - Caste Predjudice not strong
 - The Militia Law of Mass. in 1652
 - Negro Sentinels at Meeting houses
 - Crispus Attucks leads the whites to an attack upon British Soldiers
 - Resolution of the Committee of Safety
 - Battle of Bunker Hill
 - Peter Salem Kills the British Maj. Pitcairn
 - Petition to the General court of Mass. Bay
 - Biographical account of Peter Salem
 - Manumitting of Slaves to allow them to become Soldiers
 - Meeting of the Committee of Conference
 - General Washington writes the President regarding Negro Soldiers
 - Action of Congress sustaining Gen. Washington
 - The First Question of "color" in the Army
 - Negroes allowed in the S. C. Militia
 - Dr. Hopkins' Article concerning Slavery
 - Lord Dunmore visits Norfolk, 1775
 - Proclamation of Lork Dunmore
 - The Dread of the Colonists
 - An Unreasonable Fear
 - Action of the Conn. General Assembly, 1777
 - Letter from Gen. Geo. Washington
 - Daring Exploits of Prince and other Negroes at Newport, R. I.
 - The Storming of Fort Griswold
 - Action of the State of R. I.
 - Action of the State of New York, 1781
 - Proclamation of Sir Henry Clinton
 - The Colonists beginning to favor Negro Troops
 - Gen. Washington's Emphatic Language
 - Re-enslavement of Discharged Negro Soldiers
 - Action of the Legislature of Virginia
 
CHAPTER II. - THE WAR OF 1812  - FINISHED 5/3/2017 72
 - The Principal Cause of the War
 - Seizure of American Negro Sailors
 - Outrages upon American Ships
 - The Declaration of War
 - The Battle of Lake Erie
 - Negroes on American Privateers
 - Action of the Legislature of La.
 - Review of Negro Troops in New Orleans
 - The Battle of New Orleans
 


PART II.
THE WAR BETWEEN THE STATES.

 
CHAPTER I. - PUBLIC OPINION 81
 - Existing  Prejudice
 - No Pregudice in Europe
 - DeTocqueville's Views The New Race
 - Southern Opinions
 - The Negro's Ambition
 - The Coast Pursuit in the Navy
 - A Change of  Policy
 - Public Opinions Changed
 
CHAPTER II. - RECRUITING AND ORGANIZING - Started 5/4/2017 93
   
CHAPTER III. - RECRUITING AND ORGANIZING IN SOUTH CAROLINA 145
   
CHAPTER IV. - OFFICERS OF THE PHALANX 166
   
CHAPTER V. - DEPARTMENT OF THE GULF 183
   
CHAPTER VI. - THE ARMY OF THE FRONTIER 220
   
CHAPTER VII. - DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH 249
   
CHAPTER VIII. - THE ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAND 286
   
CHAPTER IX. - THE PHALANX AT MARION, TENN. 306
   
CHAPTER X. - THE BLACK FLAG 315
   
CHAPTER XI. - THE PHALANX IN VIRGINIA 377
   
CHAPTER XII. - THE ROLL OF HONOR - FINISHED 463
 - Phalanx Soldiers who received Medals of Honor from the United States Government for Heroism  
CHAPTER XIII. - THE ROSTER OF THE BLACK PHALANX - started 5/3/2017 464 - 480
 - Complete list from the Government Records, as far as can be obtained, of Negro Military Organizations in all branches of the Service, with their Chief Commanders
 - Battles
 - Dates of Organization and Dismissal
 
CHAPTER XIV. - THE CONFEDERATE SERVICE 481


PART III.
MISCELLANY

CHAPTER I. - THE PHALANX AT SCHOOL - FINISHED 503
 - Efforts of Negro Soldiers to Educate themselves
 - Studies pursued in the army
 - Officers acting as Teachers
 - Contributions to Educational Institutions
 
CHAPTER II. - BENEVOLENCE AND FRUGALITY 508
 - Personal Economy practiced for Benevolent purposes
 - Contributions to the Lincoln Institute as a Monument
 - Magnificent Contributions to the Lincoln Monument
 - Some figures in reference to the Freemen's Bank
 
CHAPTER III. - BIBLIOGRAPHY - FINISHED 517
 - List of Publications made use of  
APPENDIX
 - History of the 29th Connecticut Negro Volunteers.
518

ILLUSTRATIONS
 
 - 1. Portrait - Joseph T. Wilson Frontispiece  
 - 2. death of Crispus Attucks Face page 26  
 - 3. Battle of Bunker Hill 34  
 - 4. On Picket 52  
 - 5. Naval Battle 77  
 - 6. Unshackled 90  
 - 7. Portrait - Robert Small 96  
 - 8. Portrait - William Morrison 96  
 - 9. Portrait - A. Gradine 96  
 - 10. Portrait - John Smalls 96  
 - 11. Quarters for Contrabands 103  
 - 12. Driving Government Cattle 104  
 - 13. Scene in and Near a Recruiting Office 110  
 - 14. Teamster of the Army 112  
 - 15. Headquarters of Superintendent of the Poor 116  
 - 16. Provost Guard Securing Conscripts 123  
 - 17. New Recruits Taking Cars 126  
 - 18. Scene at New Berne, N. C. 134  
 - 19. Mustering Into Service 138  
 - 20. Organizing and Drilling 142  
 - 21. Fortifications at Hilton Head 148  
 - 22. Building Roads 154  
 - 23. Off For the War 160  
 - 24. Portrait - Major Martin R. Delaney 166  
 - 25. Portrait - Capt. O. S. B. Wall 172  
 - 26. Portrait - Capt. P. B. S. Pinchback 176  
 - 27. Portrait - Lt. James M. Trotter 176  
 - 28. Portrait - Surgeon a. T. Augusta 176  
 - 29. Portrait - Lt. w. H. Dupree 176  
 - 30. Portrait - Serg't W. H. Carney 180  
 - 31. Washing in Camp 184  
 - 32. Cooking in Camp 191  
 - 33. Point Isabel, Texas 199  
 - 34. The Recruiting Office 200  
 - 35. Battle of Milliken's Bend 204  
 - 36. Unloading Government Stores 211  
 - 37. Charge of the Phalanx at Port Hudson 214  
 - 38. Presentation of Colors (1) 223  
 - 39. Repelling an Attack 231  
 - 40. Cavalry Bringing in Prisoners 236  
 - 41. Capturing Battery of Artillery 242  
 - 42. Capturing Battery of Artillery 242  
 - 43. At Fort Wagner 255  
 - 44. Brilliant Charge of the Phalanx 270  
 - 45. River Picket Duty 277  
 - 46. Changed Conditions 286  
 - 47. Serving Refreshments to Union Troops 306  
 - 48. scouting service 312  
 - 49. Fighting Bloodhounds 320  
 - 50. Negroes Feeding Escaping Union Prisoners 342  
 - 51. Massacre at Fort Pillow 350  
 - 52. Phalanx Regiment Receiving Its Flags (2) 377  
 - 53. Parade of the 20th Regiment U. S. C. T. in New York 378  
 - 54. Scene in the Army of the Potomac 391  
 - 55. At Work on River Obstructions 401  
 - 56. Phalanx Charge at Petersburg, Va. 402  
 - 57. In the Trenches 411  
 - 58. Before Petersburg, Burying Dead Under Flag of Truce 425  
 - 59. A Government Blacksmith Shop 445  
 - 60. General Grant and the Negro Sentinel 446  
 - 61. Abraham Lincoln Entering Richmond 452  
 - 62. On duty for the Confederates 484  
 - 63. A Confederate Sharpshooter 499  
 - 64. "Paying Off" 506  

 

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